2FSA

Crystal structure of PHD finger-linker-bromodomain fragment of human BPTF in the H3(1-15)K4ME2 bound state


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.220 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Molecular basis for site-specific read-out of histone H3K4me3 by the BPTF PHD finger of NURF.

Li, H.Ilin, S.Wang, W.Duncan, E.M.Wysocka, J.Allis, C.D.Patel, D.J.

(2006) Nature 442: 91-95

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature04802
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2FSA, 2FUU, 2FUI, 2F6N, 2F6J

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Mono-, di- and trimethylated states of particular histone lysine residues are selectively found in different regions of chromatin, thereby implying specialized biological functions for these marks ranging from heterochromatin formation to X-chromosome inactivation and transcriptional regulation ...

    Mono-, di- and trimethylated states of particular histone lysine residues are selectively found in different regions of chromatin, thereby implying specialized biological functions for these marks ranging from heterochromatin formation to X-chromosome inactivation and transcriptional regulation. A major challenge in chromatin biology has centred on efforts to define the connection between specific methylation states and distinct biological read-outs impacting on function. For example, histone H3 trimethylated at lysine 4 (H3K4me3) is associated with transcription start sites of active genes, but the molecular 'effectors' involved in specific recognition of H3K4me3 tails remain poorly understood. Here we demonstrate the molecular basis for specific recognition of H3(1-15)K4me3 (residues 1-15 of histone H3 trimethylated at K4) by a plant homeodomain (PHD) finger of human BPTF (bromodomain and PHD domain transcription factor), the largest subunit of the ATP-dependent chromatin-remodelling complex, NURF (nucleosome remodelling factor). We report on crystallographic and NMR structures of the bromodomain-proximal PHD finger of BPTF in free and H3(1-15)K4me3-bound states. H3(1-15)K4me3 interacts through anti-parallel beta-sheet formation on the surface of the PHD finger, with the long side chains of arginine 2 (R2) and K4me3 fitting snugly in adjacent pre-formed surface pockets, and bracketing an invariant tryptophan. The observed stapling role by non-adjacent R2 and K4me3 provides a molecular explanation for H3K4me3 site specificity. Binding studies establish that the BPTF PHD finger exhibits a modest preference for K4me3- over K4me2-containing H3 peptides, and discriminates against monomethylated and unmodified counterparts. Furthermore, we identified key specificity-determining residues from binding studies of H3(1-15)K4me3 with PHD finger point mutants. Our findings call attention to the PHD finger as a previously uncharacterized chromatin-binding module found in a large number of chromatin-associated proteins.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Structural Biology Program, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10021, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
bromodomain PHD finger transcription factor ABC174Homo sapiensMutation(s): 5 
Gene Names: BPTFFAC1FALZ
Find proteins for Q12830 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q12830 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q12830
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  Q12830
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Histone H3(1-15)K4me2 peptide P15N/AMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for P68431 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P68431 
Go to UniProtKB:  P68431
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P68431
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  2 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
MSE
Query on MSE
A,B,CL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H11 N O2 SeMET
MLY
Query on MLY
PL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC8 H18 N2 O2LYS
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.220 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 38.451α = 90
b = 85.169β = 99.03
c = 109.567γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2006-01-21 
  • Released Date: 2006-07-11 
  • Deposition Author(s): Li, H., Patel, D.J.

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2006-07-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance