2CW6

Crystal Structure of Human HMG-CoA Lyase: Insights into Catalysis and the Molecular Basis for Hydroxymethylglutaric Aciduria


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.1 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.265 
  • R-Value Work: 0.226 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structure of human 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA Lyase: insights into catalysis and the molecular basis for hydroxymethylglutaric aciduria

Fu, Z.Runquist, J.A.Forouhar, F.Hussain, M.Hunt, J.F.Miziorko, H.M.Kim, J.-J.P.

(2006) J.Biol.Chem. 281: 7526-7532

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M506880200

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA (HMG-CoA) lyase is a key enzyme in the ketogenic pathway that supplies metabolic fuel to extrahepatic tissues. Enzyme deficiency may be due to a variety of human mutations and can be fatal. Diminished activity has been ...

    3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA (HMG-CoA) lyase is a key enzyme in the ketogenic pathway that supplies metabolic fuel to extrahepatic tissues. Enzyme deficiency may be due to a variety of human mutations and can be fatal. Diminished activity has been explained based on analyses of recombinant human mutant proteins or, more recently, in the context of structural models for the enzyme. We report the experimental determination of a crystal structure at 2.1 A resolution of the recombinant human mitochondrial HMG-CoA lyase containing a bound activator cation and the dicarboxylic acid 3-hydroxyglutarate. The enzyme adopts a (betaalpha)(8) barrel fold, and the N-terminal barrel end is occluded. The structure of a physiologically relevant dimer suggests that substrate access to the active site involves binding across the cavity located at the C-terminal end of the barrel. An alternative hypothesis that involves substrate insertion through a pore proposed to extend through the barrel is not compatible with the observed structure. The activator cation ligands included Asn(275), Asp(42),His(233), and His(235); the latter three residues had been implicated previously as contributing to metal binding or enzyme activity. Arg(41), previously shown to have a major effect on catalytic efficiency, is also located at the active site. In the observed structure, this residue interacts with a carboxyl group of 3-hydroxyglutarate, the hydrolysis product of the competitive inhibitor 3-hydroxyglutaryl-CoA required for crystallization of human enzyme. The structure provides a rationale for the decrease in enzyme activity due to clinical mutations, including H233R, R41Q, D42H, and D204N, that compromise active site function or enzyme stability.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA lyase, mitochondrial
A, B, C, D, E, F
298Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HMGCL
EC: 4.1.3.4
Find proteins for P35914 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: HMGCL
Go to UniProtKB:  P35914
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
3HG
Query on 3HG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
3-HYDROXYPENTANEDIOIC ACID
3-HYDROXYGLUTARIC ACID
C5 H8 O5
ZQHYXNSQOIDNTL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.1 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.265 
  • R-Value Work: 0.226 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 196.990α = 90.00
b = 117.080β = 112.50
c = 86.830γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOLREPphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2005-12-06
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance