2C7U

Conflicting selective forces affect CD8 T-cell receptor contact sites in an HLA-A2 immunodominant HIV epitope.


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.38 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.314 
  • R-Value Work: 0.248 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.251 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Conflicting Selective Forces Affect T Cell Receptor Contacts in an Immunodominant Human Immunodeficiency Virus Epitope.

Iversen, A.K.Stewart-Jones, G.Learn, G.H.Christie, N.Sylvester-Hviid, C.Armitage, A.E.Kaul, R.Beattie, T.Lee, J.K.Li, Y.Chotiyarnwong, P.Dong, T.Xu, X.Luscher, M.A.Macdonald, K.Ullum, H.Klarlund-Pedersen, B.Skinhoj, P.Fugger, L.Buus, S.Mullins, J.I.Jones, E.Y.Van Der Merwe, P.A.Mcmichael, A.J.

(2006) Nat Immunol 7: 179

  • DOI: 10.1038/ni1298
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2C7U

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) are critical for the control of human immunodeficiency virus, but containment of virus replication can be undermined by mutations in CTL epitopes that lead to virus escape. We analyzed the evolution in vivo of an immuno ...

    Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) are critical for the control of human immunodeficiency virus, but containment of virus replication can be undermined by mutations in CTL epitopes that lead to virus escape. We analyzed the evolution in vivo of an immunodominant, HLA-A2-restricted CTL epitope and found two principal, diametrically opposed evolutionary pathways that exclusively affect T cell-receptor contact residues. One pathway was characterized by acquisition of CTL escape mutations and the other by selection for wild-type amino acids. The pattern of CTL responses to epitope variants shaped which variant(s) prevailed in the virus population. The pathways notably influenced the amount of plasma virus, as patients with efficient CTL selection had lower plasma viral loads than did patients without efficient selection. Thus, viral escape from CTL responses does not necessarily correlate with disease progression.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Medical Research Council Human Immunology Unit, Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9AD, UK. aiversen@hammer.imm.ox.ac.uk



Macromolecules
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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
HLA CLASS I HISTOCOMPATIBILITY ANTIGEN, A-2 ALPHA CHAINAD276Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HLA-AHLAA
Find proteins for P04439 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P04439 
Go to UniProtKB:  P04439
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P04439
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
BETA-2-MICROGLOBULINBE100Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: B2MCDABP0092HDCMA22P
Find proteins for P61769 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P61769 
Go to UniProtKB:  P61769
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P61769
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
GAG PROTEINCF9Human immunodeficiency virus 1Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: gag
Find proteins for O11822 (Human immunodeficiency virus 1)
Explore O11822 
Go to UniProtKB:  O11822
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.38 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.314 
  • R-Value Work: 0.248 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.251 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 63.163α = 90
b = 93.854β = 89.99
c = 81.497γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-03-08
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Refinement description, Version format compliance