2BS4

GLU C180 -> ILE VARIANT QUINOL:FUMARATE REDUCTASE FROMWOLINELLA SUCCINOGENES


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.76 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.216 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Experimental Support for the E-Pathway Hypothesis of Coupled Transmembrane Electron and Proton Transfer in Dihemic Quinol:Fumarate Reductase

Lancaster, C.R.D.Sauer, U.S.Gross, R.Haas, A.H.Graf, J.Schwalbe, H.Maentele, W.Simon, J.Madej, G.

(2005) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 102: 18860

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0509711102
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Reconciliation of apparently contradictory experimental results obtained on the quinol:fumarate reductase, a diheme-containing respiratory membrane protein complex from Wolinella succinogenes, was previously obtained by the proposal of the so-called ...

    Reconciliation of apparently contradictory experimental results obtained on the quinol:fumarate reductase, a diheme-containing respiratory membrane protein complex from Wolinella succinogenes, was previously obtained by the proposal of the so-called "E pathway hypothesis." According to this hypothesis, transmembrane electron transfer via the heme groups is strictly coupled to cotransfer of protons via a transiently established pathway thought to contain the side chain of residue Glu-C180 as the most prominent component. Here we demonstrate that, after replacement of Glu-C180 with Gln or Ile by site-directed mutagenesis, the resulting mutants are unable to grow on fumarate, and the membrane-bound variant enzymes lack quinol oxidation activity. Upon solubilization, however, the purified enzymes display approximately 1/10 of the specific quinol oxidation activity of the wild-type enzyme and unchanged quinol Michaelis constants, K(m). The refined x-ray crystal structures at 2.19 A and 2.76 A resolution, respectively, rule out major structural changes to account for these experimental observations. Changes in the oxidation-reduction heme midpoint potential allow the conclusion that deprotonation of Glu-C180 in the wild-type enzyme facilitates the reoxidation of the reduced high-potential heme. Comparison of solvent isotope effects indicates that a rate-limiting proton transfer step in the wild-type enzyme is lost in the Glu-C180 --> Gln variant. The results provide experimental evidence for the validity of the E pathway hypothesis and for a crucial functional role of Glu-C180.


    Related Citations: 
    • Structure of Fumarate Reductase from Wolinella Succinogenes at 2.2 Angstroms Resolution
      Lancaster, C.R.D.,Kroeger, A.,Auer, M.,Michel, H.
      (1999) Nature 402: 377
    • Wolinella Succinogenes Quinol:Fumarate Reductase and its Comparison to E. Coli Succinate:Quinone Reductase
      Lancaster, C.R.D.
      (2003) FEBS Lett. 555: 21
    • Essential Role of Glu-C66 for Menaquinol Oxidation Indicates Transmembrane Electrochemical Potential Generation by Wolinella Succinogenes Fumarate Reductase
      Lancaster, C.R.D.,Gross, R.,Haas, A.,Ritter, M.,Maentele, W.,Simon, J.,Kroeger, A.
      (2000) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 97: 13051
    • A Third Crystal Form of Wolinella Succinogenes Quinol:Fumarate Reductase Reveals Domain Closure at the Site of Fumarate Reduction
      Lancaster, C.R.D.,Gross, R.,Simon, J.
      (2001) Eur.J.Biochem. 268: 1820
    • Wolinella Succinogenes Quinol:Fumarate Reductase -2.2 Angstrom Resolution Crystal Structure and the E-Pathway Hypothesis of Coupled Transmembrane Proton and Electron Transfer
      Lancaster, C.R.D.
      (2002) Biochim.Biophys.Acta 1565: 215


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Membrane Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max-von-Laue-Strasse 3, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany. roy.lancaster@mpibp-frankfurt.mpg.de




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
QUINOL-FUMARATE REDUCTASE FLAVOPROTEIN SUBUNIT A
A, D
656Wolinella succinogenes (strain ATCC 29543 / DSM 1740 / LMG 7466 / NCTC 11488 / FDC 602W)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: frdA
EC: 1.3.5.4
Find proteins for P17412 (Wolinella succinogenes (strain ATCC 29543 / DSM 1740 / LMG 7466 / NCTC 11488 / FDC 602W))
Go to UniProtKB:  P17412
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
QUINOL-FUMARATE REDUCTASE IRON-SULFUR SUBUNIT B
B, E
239Wolinella succinogenes (strain ATCC 29543 / DSM 1740 / LMG 7466 / NCTC 11488 / FDC 602W)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: frdB
EC: 1.3.5.1
Find proteins for P17596 (Wolinella succinogenes (strain ATCC 29543 / DSM 1740 / LMG 7466 / NCTC 11488 / FDC 602W))
Go to UniProtKB:  P17596
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
QUINOL-FUMARATE REDUCTASE DIHEME CYTOCHROME B SUBUNIT C
C, F
256Wolinella succinogenes (strain ATCC 29543 / DSM 1740 / LMG 7466 / NCTC 11488 / FDC 602W)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: frdC
Find proteins for P17413 (Wolinella succinogenes (strain ATCC 29543 / DSM 1740 / LMG 7466 / NCTC 11488 / FDC 602W))
Go to UniProtKB:  P17413
Small Molecules
Ligands 9 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SF4
Query on SF4

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Download CCD File 
E
IRON/SULFUR CLUSTER
Fe4 S4
LJBDFODJNLIPKO-VKOJMFJBAC
 Ligand Interaction
F3S
Query on F3S

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B, E
FE3-S4 CLUSTER
Fe3 S4
FCXHZBQOKRZXKS-MZMDZPPWAW
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

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D, E
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CIT
Query on CIT

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A, D
CITRIC ACID
C6 H8 O7
KRKNYBCHXYNGOX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
FAD
Query on FAD

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A, D
FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
VWWQXMAJTJZDQX-UYBVJOGSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
FES
Query on FES

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E
FE2/S2 (INORGANIC) CLUSTER
Fe2 S2
NIXDOXVAJZFRNF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
HEM
Query on HEM

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C, F
PROTOPORPHYRIN IX CONTAINING FE
HEME
C34 H32 Fe N4 O4
KABFMIBPWCXCRK-RGGAHWMASA-L
 Ligand Interaction
LMT
Query on LMT

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E, F
DODECYL-BETA-D-MALTOSIDE
C24 H46 O11
NLEBIOOXCVAHBD-QKMCSOCLSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
DMW
Query on DMW

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E, F
2,3-DIMETHYL-1,4-NAPHTHOQUINONE
C12 H10 O2
LGFDNUSAWCHVJN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.76 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.216 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 85.104α = 90.00
b = 188.766β = 104.47
c = 117.817γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSphasing
DENZOdata reduction
CNSrefinement
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2005-05-14 
  • Released Date: 2005-12-13 
  • Deposition Author(s): Lancaster, C.R.D.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2005-12-13
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance