Solution Structure of a Novel C2-Symmetrical Bifunctional Bicyclic Inhibitor Based on Sfti-1Jaulent, A.M., Brauer, A.B.E., Matthews, S.J., Leatherbarrow, R.J.
(2005) J.Biomol.NMR 33: 57
- PubMed: 16222558
- DOI: 10.1007/s10858-005-1210-9
- PubMed Abstract:
- Design, Synthesis and Analysis of Novel Bicyclic and Bifunctional Protease Inhibitors
Jaulent, A.M.,Leatherbarrow, R.J.
(2004) Protein Eng.Des.Sel. 17: 681
- High-Resolution Structure of a Potent, Cyclic Proteinase Inhibitor from Sunflower Seeds
Luckett, S.,Garcia, R.S.,Barker, J.J.,Konarev, A.V.,Shewry, P.R.,Clarke, A.R.,Brady, R.L.
(1999) J.Mol.Biol. 290: 525
A novel bifunctional bicyclic inhibitor has been created that combines features both from the Bowman-Birk inhibitor (BBI) proteins, which have two distinct inhibitory sites, and from sunflower trypsin inhibitor-1 (SFTI-1), which has a compact bicycli ...
A novel bifunctional bicyclic inhibitor has been created that combines features both from the Bowman-Birk inhibitor (BBI) proteins, which have two distinct inhibitory sites, and from sunflower trypsin inhibitor-1 (SFTI-1), which has a compact bicyclic structure. The inhibitor was designed by fusing together a pair of reactive loops based on a sequence derived from SFTI-1 to create a backbone-cyclized disulfide-bridged 16-mer peptide. This peptide has two symmetrically spaced trypsin binding sites. Its synthesis and biological activity have been reported in a previous communication [Jaulent and Leatherbarrow, 2004, PEDS 17, 681]. In the present study we have examined the three-dimensional structure of the molecule. We find that the new inhibitor, which has a symmetrical 8-mer half-cystine CTKSIPP'I' motif repeated through a C2 symmetry axis also shows a complete symmetry in its three-dimensional structure. Each of the two loops adopts the expected canonical conformation common to all BBIs as well as SFTI-1. We also find that the inhibitor displays a strong and unique structural identity, with a notable lack of minor conformational isomers that characterise most reactive site loop mimics examined to date as well as SFTI-1. This suggests that the presence of the additional cyclic loop acts to restrict conformational mobility and that the deliberate introduction of cyclic symmetry may offer a general route to locking the conformation of beta-hairpin structures.
Department of Chemistry, Imperial College London, South Kensington Campus, London, SW7 2AZ, UK.