2B6W

T4 Lysozyme mutant L99A at 200 MPa


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.208 
  • R-Value Work: 0.158 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Cooperative water filling of a nonpolar protein cavity observed by high-pressure crystallography and simulation

Collins, M.D.Hummer, G.Quillin, M.L.Matthews, B.W.Gruner, S.M.

(2005) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.Usa 102: 16668-16671

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0508224102
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
  • Also Cited By: 2OEA, 2OE9, 2OE7

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Formation of a water-expelling nonpolar core is the paradigm of protein folding and stability. Although experiment largely confirms this picture, water buried in "hydrophobic" cavities is required for the function of some proteins. Hydration of the p ...

    Formation of a water-expelling nonpolar core is the paradigm of protein folding and stability. Although experiment largely confirms this picture, water buried in "hydrophobic" cavities is required for the function of some proteins. Hydration of the protein core has also been suggested as the mechanism of pressure-induced unfolding. We therefore are led to ask whether even the most nonpolar protein core is truly hydrophobic (i.e., water-repelling). To answer this question we probed the hydration of an approximately 160-A(3), highly hydrophobic cavity created by mutation in T4 lysozyme by using high-pressure crystallography and molecular dynamics simulation. We show that application of modest pressure causes approximately four water molecules to enter the cavity while the protein itself remains essentially unchanged. The highly cooperative filling is primarily due to a small change in bulk water activity, which implies that changing solvent conditions or, equivalently, cavity polarity can dramatically affect interior hydration of proteins and thereby influence both protein activity and folding.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Physics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Lysozyme
A
162Enterobacteria phage T4Mutations: C97A, L99A, C54T
Gene Names: E
EC: 3.2.1.17
Find proteins for P00720 (Enterobacteria phage T4)
Go to UniProtKB:  P00720
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CL
Query on CL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
BME
Query on BME

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
BETA-MERCAPTOETHANOL
C2 H6 O S
DGVVWUTYPXICAM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.208 
  • R-Value Work: 0.158 
  • Space Group: P 32 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 60.627α = 90.00
b = 60.627β = 90.00
c = 95.600γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CCP4data scaling
Adxvdata processing
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2005-11-08
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-11
    Type: Refinement description