2AXF

The Immunogenicity of a Viral Cytotoxic T Cell Epitope is controlled by its MHC-bound Conformation


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.234 
  • R-Value Work: 0.208 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.209 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The immunogenicity of a viral cytotoxic T cell epitope is controlled by its MHC-bound conformation

Tynan, F.E.Elhassen, D.Purcell, A.W.Burrows, J.M.Borg, N.A.Miles, J.J.Williamson, N.A.Green, K.J.Tellam, J.Kjer-Nielsen, L.McCluskey, J.Rossjohn, J.Burrows, S.R.

(2005) J Exp Med 202: 1249-1260

  • DOI: 10.1084/jem.20050864
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2AXG, 2AXF

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Thousands of potentially antigenic peptides are encoded by an infecting pathogen; however, only a small proportion induce measurable CD8(+) T cell responses. To investigate the factors that control peptide immunogenicity, we have examined the cytotox ...

    Thousands of potentially antigenic peptides are encoded by an infecting pathogen; however, only a small proportion induce measurable CD8(+) T cell responses. To investigate the factors that control peptide immunogenicity, we have examined the cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response to a previously undefined epitope ((77)APQPAPENAY(86)) from the BZLF1 protein of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). This peptide binds well to two human histocompatibility leukocyte antigen (HLA) allotypes, HLA-B*3501 and HLA-B*3508, which differ by a single amino acid at position 156 ((156)Leucine vs. (156)Arginine, respectively). Surprisingly, only individuals expressing HLA-B*3508 show evidence of a CTL response to the (77)APQPAPENAY(86) epitope even though EBV-infected cells expressing HLA-B*3501 process and present similar amounts of peptide for CTL recognition, suggesting that factors other than peptide presentation levels are influencing immunogenicity. Functional and structural analysis revealed marked conformational differences in the peptide, when bound to each HLA-B35 allotype, that are dictated by the polymorphic HLA residue 156 and that directly affected T cell receptor recognition. These data indicate that the immunogenicity of an antigenic peptide is influenced not only by how well the peptide binds to major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules but also by its bound conformation. It also illustrates a novel mechanism through which MHC polymorphism can further diversify the immune response to infecting pathogens.


    Organizational Affiliation

    The Protein Crystallography Unit, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Biomedical Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
HLA class I histocompatibility antigen, B*3508 heavy chainA276Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HLA-BHLAB
Find proteins for P01889 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P01889 
Go to UniProtKB:  P01889
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P01889
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Beta-2-microglobulinB99Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: B2MCDABP0092HDCMA22P
Find proteins for P61769 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P61769 
Go to UniProtKB:  P61769
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P61769
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
10-mer peptide from BZLF1 trans-activator proteinC10N/AMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for P03206 (Epstein-Barr virus (strain B95-8))
Explore P03206 
Go to UniProtKB:  P03206
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ACY
Query on ACY

Download CCD File 
A
ACETIC ACID
C2 H4 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.234 
  • R-Value Work: 0.208 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.209 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 50.825α = 90
b = 81.528β = 90
c = 110.732γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-2000data reduction
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2005-11-29
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-11
    Changes: Refinement description