2AWK

GFP R96M mature chromophore


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.15 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.188 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Defining the role of arginine 96 in green fluorescent protein fluorophore biosynthesis.

Wood, T.I.Barondeau, D.P.Hitomi, C.Kassmann, C.J.Tainer, J.A.Getzoff, E.D.

(2005) Biochemistry 44: 16211-16220

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi051388j
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Aequoria victoria green fluorescent protein (GFP) is a revolutionary molecular biology tool because of its spontaneous peptide backbone cyclization and chromophore formation from residues Ser65, Tyr66, and Gly67. Here we use structure-based design, c ...

    Aequoria victoria green fluorescent protein (GFP) is a revolutionary molecular biology tool because of its spontaneous peptide backbone cyclization and chromophore formation from residues Ser65, Tyr66, and Gly67. Here we use structure-based design, comprehensive targeted mutagenesis, and high-resolution crystallography to probe the significant functional role of conserved Arg96 (R96) in chromophore maturation. The R96M GFP variant, in which the R96M side chain is similar in volume but lacks the R96 positive charge, exhibits dramatically slower chromophore maturation kinetics (from hours to months). Comparison of the precyclized conformation of the chromophore-forming residues with the mature R96M chromophore reveals a similar Y66 conformer, contrary to the large Y66 conformational change previously defined in the slowly maturing R96A variant [Barondeau, D. P., Putnam, C. D., Kassmann, C. J., Tainer, J. A., and Getzoff, E. D. (2003) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 100, 12111-12116]. Comprehensive R96 mutagenesis and fluorescent colony screening indicate that only the R96K substitution restores wild-type maturation kinetics. Further, we show that the slowly maturing R96A variant can be complemented with a Q183R second-site mutation designed to restore the missing R96 positive charge and rapid fluorophore biosynthesis. Moreover, comparative structural analysis of R96M, R96K, R96A/Q183R, and wild-type GFP reveals the importance of the presence of positive charge, rather than its exact position. Together, these structural, mutational, and biochemical results establish a pivotal role for the R96 positive charge in accelerating the GFP post-translational modification, with implications for peptide backbone cyclization in GFP, its homologues, and related biological systems.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biology, The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
green fluorescent protein
A
230Aequorea victoriaMutation(s): 5 
Gene Names: GFP
Find proteins for P42212 (Aequorea victoria)
Go to UniProtKB:  P42212
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
CRO
Query on CRO
A
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC15 H17 N3 O5THR, TYR, GLY
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.15 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.188 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 51.235α = 90.00
b = 62.350β = 90.00
c = 71.067γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SHELXL-97refinement
DENZOdata reduction
AMoREphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-04-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance