2AH8

roGFP1-R7. Cystal structure analysis of a rate-enhanced variant of redox-sensitive green fluorescent protein in the oxidized form.


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.24 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.280 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.5 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Re-engineering redox-sensitive green fluorescent protein for improved response rate.

Cannon, M.B.Remington, S.J.

(2006) Protein Sci. 15: 45-57

  • DOI: 10.1110/ps.051734306
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Redox-sensitive variants of the green fluorescent protein (roGFPs) had previously been developed that allow "real-time" monitoring of the redox status of cellular compartments by fluorescence excitation ratiometry. However, the response time of these ...

    Redox-sensitive variants of the green fluorescent protein (roGFPs) had previously been developed that allow "real-time" monitoring of the redox status of cellular compartments by fluorescence excitation ratiometry. However, the response time of these probes limits the study of certain rapid oxidative events, such as H2O2 bursts in cell signaling. The substitution of up to three positively charged amino acids adjacent to the introduced disulfide in roGFP1 (variants designated roGFP1-R1 through -R14) substantially improved the response rate. The pseudo first-order rate constants for oxidation by H2O2 and reduction by DTT and redox midpoint potentials were determined. The rate constants approximately doubled with each additional positively charged substitution, to nearly an order of magnitude total. The midpoint potentials are highly correlated with the rate increases, becoming more oxidizing with increasing numbers of positive substitutions. Crystal structures of two variants with opposite disulfide oxidation states have been determined: a 2.2 A resolution structure of oxidized "R7" containing two basic substitutions, and a 1.95 A resolution structure of reduced "R8" with one basic and one acidic substitution. Nonlinear Poisson-Boltzmann (PB) calculations are shown to accurately predict the effects of the substitutions on the rate constants. The effects of the substitutions on dimer formation, relative oxidative midpoint potentials, and oxidation and reduction rates are discussed. roGFPs are demonstrated to constitute an excellent model system for quantitative analysis of factors influencing thiol transfer reactions. roGFP1-R12 is most suitable for use in live cells, due to significantly increased reaction rate and increased pI.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, Institute of Molecular Biology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403-1229, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Green fluorescent protein
A, B
238Aequorea victoriaMutation(s): 6 
Gene Names: GFP
Find proteins for P42212 (Aequorea victoria)
Go to UniProtKB:  P42212
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
IMD
Query on IMD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
IMIDAZOLE
C3 H5 N2
RAXXELZNTBOGNW-UHFFFAOYSA-O
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
GYS
Query on GYS
A, B
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC14 H15 N3 O5SER, TYR, GLY
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.24 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.280 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • Space Group: P 32 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 126.297α = 90.00
b = 126.297β = 90.00
c = 78.412γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
EPMRphasing
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
TNTrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-03-21
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Derived calculations, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2015-01-21
    Type: Structure summary
  • Version 1.4: 2017-10-11
    Type: Refinement description
  • Version 1.5: 2017-11-29
    Type: Database references