2AG5

Crystal Structure of Human DHRS6


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.84 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.224 
  • R-Value Work: 0.167 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Characterization of human DHRS6, an orphan short chain dehydrogenase/reductase enzyme: a novel, cytosolic type 2 R-beta-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase

Guo, K.Lukacik, P.Papagrigoriou, E.Meier, M.Lee, W.H.Adamski, J.Oppermann, U.

(2006) J.Biol.Chem. 281: 10291-10297

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M511346200

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Human DHRS6 is a previously uncharacterized member of the short chain dehydrogenases/reductase family and displays significant homologies to bacterial hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenases. Substrate screening reveals sole NAD(+)-dependent conversion of (R) ...

    Human DHRS6 is a previously uncharacterized member of the short chain dehydrogenases/reductase family and displays significant homologies to bacterial hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenases. Substrate screening reveals sole NAD(+)-dependent conversion of (R)-hydroxybutyrate to acetoacetate with K(m) values of about 10 mm, consistent with plasma levels of circulating ketone bodies in situations of starvation or ketoacidosis. The structure of human DHRS6 was determined at a resolution of 1.8 A in complex with NAD(H) and reveals a tetrameric organization with a short chain dehydrogenases/reductase-typical folding pattern. A highly conserved triad of Arg residues ("triple R" motif consisting of Arg(144), Arg(188), and Arg(205)) was found to bind a sulfate molecule at the active site. Docking analysis of R-beta-hydroxybutyrate into the active site reveals an experimentally consistent model of substrate carboxylate binding and catalytically competent orientation. GFP reporter gene analysis reveals a cytosolic localization upon transfection into mammalian cells. These data establish DHRS6 as a novel, cytosolic type 2 (R)-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase, distinct from its well characterized mitochondrial type 1 counterpart. The properties determined for DHRS6 suggest a possible physiological role in cytosolic ketone body utilization, either as a secondary system for energy supply in starvation or to generate precursors for lipid and sterol synthesis.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LD, United Kingdom.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
dehydrogenase/reductase (SDR family) member 6
A, B, C, D
246Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: BDH2 (DHRS6, SDR15C1)
EC: 1.1.1.-, 1.1.1.30
Find proteins for Q9BUT1 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: BDH2
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9BUT1
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
NAD
Query on NAD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE
C21 H27 N7 O14 P2
BAWFJGJZGIEFAR-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.84 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.224 
  • R-Value Work: 0.167 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 62.092α = 106.05
b = 62.055β = 105.95
c = 74.042γ = 100.97
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOSFLMdata reduction
CCP4data scaling
REFMACrefinement
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2005-08-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2012-03-14
    Type: Database references