1YAH

Crystal Structure of Human Liver Carboxylesterase complexed to Etyl Acetate; A Fatty Acid Ethyl Ester Analogue


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.229 
  • R-Value Work: 0.190 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural insights into drug processing by human carboxylesterase 1: tamoxifen, mevastatin, and inhibition by benzil.

Fleming, C.D.Bencharit, S.Edwards, C.C.Hyatt, J.L.Tsurkan, L.Bai, F.Fraga, C.Morton, C.L.Howard-Williams, E.L.Potter, P.M.Redinbo, M.R.

(2005) J.Mol.Biol. 352: 165-177

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2005.07.016
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1YA4, 1YA8, 1YAJ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Human carboxylesterase 1 (hCE1) exhibits broad substrate specificity and is involved in xenobiotic processing and endobiotic metabolism. We present and analyze crystal structures of hCE1 in complexes with the cholesterol-lowering drug mevastatin, the ...

    Human carboxylesterase 1 (hCE1) exhibits broad substrate specificity and is involved in xenobiotic processing and endobiotic metabolism. We present and analyze crystal structures of hCE1 in complexes with the cholesterol-lowering drug mevastatin, the breast cancer drug tamoxifen, the fatty acyl ethyl ester (FAEE) analogue ethyl acetate, and the novel hCE1 inhibitor benzil. We find that mevastatin does not appear to be a substrate for hCE1, and instead acts as a partially non-competitive inhibitor of the enzyme. Similarly, we show that tamoxifen is a low micromolar, partially non-competitive inhibitor of hCE1. Further, we describe the structural basis for the inhibition of hCE1 by the nanomolar-affinity dione benzil, which acts by forming both covalent and non-covalent complexes with the enzyme. Our results provide detailed insights into the catalytic and non-catalytic processing of small molecules by hCE1, and suggest that the efficacy of clinical drugs may be modulated by targeted hCE1 inhibitors.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
CES1 protein
A, B, C
532Homo sapiensGene Names: CES1 (CES2, SES1)
EC: 3.1.1.1, 3.1.1.56
Find proteins for P23141 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: CES1
Go to UniProtKB:  P23141
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
EEE
Query on EEE

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C
ETHYL ACETATE
C4 H8 O2
XEKOWRVHYACXOJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SIA
Query on SIA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
O-SIALIC ACID
C11 H19 N O9
SQVRNKJHWKZAKO-YRMXFSIDSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.229 
  • R-Value Work: 0.190 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 55.500α = 90.00
b = 181.150β = 90.00
c = 203.010γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOSFLMdata reduction
CCP4data scaling
AMoREphasing
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2005-08-02
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance