1T9S

Catalytic Domain Of Human Phosphodiesterase 5A in Complex with GMP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.212 
  • R-Value Work: 0.175 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

A Glutamine Switch Mechanism for Nucleotide Selectivity by Phosphodiesterases

Zhang, K.Y.J.Card, G.L.Suzuki, Y.Artis, D.R.Fong, D.Gillette, S.Hsieh, D.Neiman, J.West, B.L.Zhang, C.Milburn, M.V.Kim, S.-H.Schlessinger, J.Bollag, G.

(2004) Mol.Cell 15: 279-286

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.molcel.2004.07.005
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1T9R, 1TAZ, 1TB5, 1TB7, 1TBB, 1TBF

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Phosphodiesterases (PDEs) comprise a family of enzymes that modulate the immune response, inflammation, and memory, among many other functions. There are three types of PDEs: cAMP-specific, cGMP-specific, and dual-specific. Here we describe the mecha ...

    Phosphodiesterases (PDEs) comprise a family of enzymes that modulate the immune response, inflammation, and memory, among many other functions. There are three types of PDEs: cAMP-specific, cGMP-specific, and dual-specific. Here we describe the mechanism of nucleotide selectivity on the basis of high-resolution co-crystal structures of the cAMP-specific PDE4B and PDE4D with AMP, the cGMP-specific PDE5A with GMP, and the apo-structure of the dual-specific PDE1B. These structures show that an invariant glutamine functions as the key specificity determinant by a "glutamine switch" mechanism for recognizing the purine moiety in cAMP or cGMP. The surrounding residues anchor the glutamine residue in different orientations for cAMP and for cGMP. The PDE1B structure shows that in dual-specific PDEs a key histidine residue may enable the invariant glutamine to toggle between cAMP and cGMP. The structural understanding of nucleotide binding enables the design of new PDE inhibitors that may treat diseases in which cyclic nucleotides play a critical role.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Plexxikon Inc., 91 Bolivar Drive, Berkeley, CA 94710, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
cGMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase
A, B
347Homo sapiensGene Names: PDE5A (PDE5)
EC: 3.1.4.35
Find proteins for O76074 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: PDE5A
Go to UniProtKB:  O76074
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
5GP
Query on 5GP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
GUANOSINE-5'-MONOPHOSPHATE
C10 H14 N5 O8 P
RQFCJASXJCIDSX-UUOKFMHZSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.212 
  • R-Value Work: 0.175 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 61.969α = 90.00
b = 90.872β = 98.07
c = 68.991γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
EPMRphasing
Blu-Icedata collection
ELVESdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-08-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Advisory, Version format compliance