1SMY

Structural basis for transcription regulation by alarmone ppGpp


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.266 
  • R-Value Work: 0.186 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural basis for transcription regulation by alarmone ppGpp

Artsimovitch, I.Patlan, V.Sekine, S.Vassylyeva, M.N.Hosaka, T.Ochi, K.Yokoyama, S.Vassylyev, D.G.

(2004) Cell 117: 299-310

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
  • Also Cited By: 5TMC

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Guanosine-tetraphosphate (ppGpp) is a major regulator of stringent control, an adaptive response of bacteria to amino acid starvation. The 2.7 A resolution structure of the Thermus thermophilus RNA polymerase (RNAP) holoenzyme in complex with ppGpp r ...

    Guanosine-tetraphosphate (ppGpp) is a major regulator of stringent control, an adaptive response of bacteria to amino acid starvation. The 2.7 A resolution structure of the Thermus thermophilus RNA polymerase (RNAP) holoenzyme in complex with ppGpp reveals that ppGpp binds to the same site near the active center in both independent RNAP molecules in the crystal but in strikingly distinct orientations. Binding is symmetrical with respect to the two diphosphates of ppGpp and is relaxed with respect to the orientation of the nucleotide base. Different modes of ppGpp binding are coupled with asymmetry of the active site configurations. The results suggest that base pairing of ppGpp with cytosines in the nontemplate DNA strand might be an essential component of transcription control by ppGpp. We present experimental evidence highlighting the importance of base-specific contacts between ppGpp and specific cytosine residues during both transcription initiation and elongation.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Microbiology, Ohio State University, 484 West 12th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase alpha chain
A, B, K, L
315Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpoA
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for Q5SHR6 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SHR6
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase beta chain
C, M
1119Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpoB
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for Q8RQE9 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8RQE9
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase beta' chain
D, N
1524Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpoC
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for Q8RQE8 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8RQE8
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
RNA POLYMERASE OMEGA SUBUNIT
E, O
99Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpoZ
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for Q8RQE7 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8RQE7
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
principal sigma factor
F, P
423Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: sigA
Find proteins for Q5SKW1 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SKW1
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
D, N
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F, M, N
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
G4P
Query on G4P

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
N
GUANOSINE-5',3'-TETRAPHOSPHATE
C10 H17 N5 O17 P4
BUFLLCUFNHESEH-UUOKFMHZSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.266 
  • R-Value Work: 0.186 
  • Space Group: P 32
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 236.350α = 90.00
b = 236.350β = 90.00
c = 249.040γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
AMoREphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling
DENZOdata reduction
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-05-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-01
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance