3-D structure of the D153G mutant of Escherichia coli alkaline phosphatase: an enzyme with weaker magnesium binding and increased catalytic activity.Dealwis, C.G., Chen, L., Brennan, C., Mandecki, W., Abad-Zapatero, C.
(1995) Protein Eng. 8: 865-871
- PubMed: 8746724
- PubMed Abstract:
- 3-D Structure of the (Asp 101-->Ser) of E.Coli Alkaline Phosphatase with Higher Catalytic Activity
Chen, L.,Neidhart, D.,Kohlbrenner, M.,Mandecki, W.,Bell, S.,Sowadski, J.,Abad-Zapatero, C.
(1992) Protein Eng. 5: 605
- Crystallographic Analysis of Reversible Metal Binding Observed in a Mutant (Asp 153--> Gly) of E. Coli Alkaline Phosphatase
Dealwis, C.,Brennan, C.,Christianson, K.,Mandecki, W.,Abad-Zapatero, A.
() TO BE PUBLISHED --: --
The substitution of aspartate at position 153 in Escherichia coli alkaline phosphatase by glycine results in a mutant enzyme with 5-fold higher catalytic activity (kcat) but no change in Km at pH 8.0 in 50 mM Tris-HCl. The increased kcat is achieved ...
The substitution of aspartate at position 153 in Escherichia coli alkaline phosphatase by glycine results in a mutant enzyme with 5-fold higher catalytic activity (kcat) but no change in Km at pH 8.0 in 50 mM Tris-HCl. The increased kcat is achieved by a faster release of the phosphate product as a result of the lower phosphate affinity. The mutation also affects Mg2+ binding, resulting in an enzyme with lower metal affinity. The 3-D X-ray structure of the D153G mutant has been refined at 2.5 A to a crystallographic R-factor of 16.2%. An analysis of this structure has revealed that the decreased phosphate affinity is caused by an apparent increase in flexibility of the guanidinium side chain of Arg166 involved in phosphate binding. The mutation of Asp153 to Gly also affects the position of the water ligands of Mg2+, and the loop Gln152-Thr155 is shifted by 0.3 A away from the active site. The weaker Mg2+ binding of the mutant compared with the wild type is caused by an altered coordination sphere in the proximity of the Mg2+ ion, and also by the loss of an electrostatic interaction (Mg2+.COO-Asp153) in the mutant. Its ligands W454 and W455 and hydroxyl of Thr155, involved in the octahedral coordination of the Mg2+ ion, are further apart in the mutant compared with the wild type.
Protein Engineering Laboratory, Abbott Laboratories, Abbott Park, IL 60064, USA.