1AJB

THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE OF THE D153G MUTANT OF E. COLI ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE: A MUTANT WITH WEAKER MAGNESIUM BINDING AND INCREASED CATALYTIC ACTIVITY


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.162 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.162 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

3-D structure of the D153G mutant of Escherichia coli alkaline phosphatase: an enzyme with weaker magnesium binding and increased catalytic activity.

Dealwis, C.G.Chen, L.Brennan, C.Mandecki, W.Abad-Zapatero, C.

(1995) Protein Eng 8: 865-871

  • DOI: 10.1093/protein/8.9.865
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1AJB

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The substitution of aspartate at position 153 in Escherichia coli alkaline phosphatase by glycine results in a mutant enzyme with 5-fold higher catalytic activity (kcat) but no change in Km at pH 8.0 in 50 mM Tris-HCl. The increased kcat is achieved ...

    The substitution of aspartate at position 153 in Escherichia coli alkaline phosphatase by glycine results in a mutant enzyme with 5-fold higher catalytic activity (kcat) but no change in Km at pH 8.0 in 50 mM Tris-HCl. The increased kcat is achieved by a faster release of the phosphate product as a result of the lower phosphate affinity. The mutation also affects Mg2+ binding, resulting in an enzyme with lower metal affinity. The 3-D X-ray structure of the D153G mutant has been refined at 2.5 A to a crystallographic R-factor of 16.2%. An analysis of this structure has revealed that the decreased phosphate affinity is caused by an apparent increase in flexibility of the guanidinium side chain of Arg166 involved in phosphate binding. The mutation of Asp153 to Gly also affects the position of the water ligands of Mg2+, and the loop Gln152-Thr155 is shifted by 0.3 A away from the active site. The weaker Mg2+ binding of the mutant compared with the wild type is caused by an altered coordination sphere in the proximity of the Mg2+ ion, and also by the loss of an electrostatic interaction (Mg2+.COO-Asp153) in the mutant. Its ligands W454 and W455 and hydroxyl of Thr155, involved in the octahedral coordination of the Mg2+ ion, are further apart in the mutant compared with the wild type.


    Related Citations: 
    • Crystallographic Analysis of Reversible Metal Binding Observed in a Mutant (Asp 153--> Gly) of E. Coli Alkaline Phosphatase
      Dealwis, C., Brennan, C., Christianson, K., Mandecki, W., Abad-Zapatero, A.
      () To be published --: --
    • 3-D Structure of the (Asp 101-->Ser) of E.Coli Alkaline Phosphatase with Higher Catalytic Activity
      Chen, L., Neidhart, D., Kohlbrenner, M., Mandecki, W., Bell, S., Sowadski, J., Abad-Zapatero, C.
      (1992) Protein Eng 5: 605

    Organizational Affiliation

    Protein Engineering Laboratory, Abbott Laboratories, Abbott Park, IL 60064, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ALKALINE PHOSPHATASEAB449Escherichia coliMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: phoA
EC: 3.1.3.1
Find proteins for P00634 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Explore P00634 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00634
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download CCD File 
A, B
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

Download CCD File 
A, B
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download CCD File 
A, B
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.162 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.162 
  • Space Group: I 2 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 195.02α = 90
b = 166.93β = 90
c = 76.44γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
R-AXISdata collection
X-PLORmodel building
X-PLORrefinement
R-AXISdata reduction
X-PLORphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1995-11-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance