1ZN7

Human Adenine Phosphoribosyltransferase Complexed with PRPP, ADE and R5P


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.83 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.190 
  • R-Value Work: 0.146 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural Complexes of Human Adenine Phosphoribosyltransferase Reveal Novel Features of the APRT Catalytic Mechanism

Silva, C.H.Silva, M.Iulek, J.Thiemann, O.H.

(2008) J.Biomol.Struct.Dyn. 25: 589-598

  • DOI: 10.1080/07391102.2008.10507205
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1ZN8, 1ZN9

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (APRT) is an important enzyme component of the purine recycling pathway. Parasitic protozoa of the order Kinetoplastida are unable to synthesize purines de novo and use the salvage pathway for the synthesis of purine ...

    Adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (APRT) is an important enzyme component of the purine recycling pathway. Parasitic protozoa of the order Kinetoplastida are unable to synthesize purines de novo and use the salvage pathway for the synthesis of purine bases rendering this biosynthetic pathway an attractive target for antiparasitic drug design. The recombinant human adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (hAPRT) structure was resolved in the presence of AMP in the active site to 1.76 A resolution and with the substrates PRPP and adenine simultaneously bound to the catalytic site to 1.83 A resolution. An additional structure was solved containing one subunit of the dimer in the apo-form to 2.10 A resolution. Comparisons of these three hAPRT structures with other 'type I' PRTases revealed several important features of this class of enzymes. Our data indicate that the flexible loop structure adopts an open conformation before and after binding of both substrates adenine and PRPP. Comparative analyses presented here provide structural evidence to propose the role of Glu104 as the residue that abstracts the proton of adenine N9 atom before its nucleophilic attack on the PRPP anomeric carbon. This work leads to new insights to the understanding of the APRT catalytic mechanism.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Departamento de Física e Informática, Grupo de Cristalografia de Proteínas e Biologia Estrutural, Instituto de Física de São Carlos, USP, Caixa Postal 369, 13560-590, São Carlos-SP, Brazil. tomich@fcfrp.usp.br




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Adenine phosphoribosyltransferase
A, B
180Homo sapiensGene Names: APRT
EC: 2.4.2.7
Find proteins for P07741 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: APRT
Go to UniProtKB:  P07741
Small Molecules
Ligands 5 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PO4
Query on PO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
HSX
Query on HSX

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
5-O-phosphono-alpha-D-ribofuranose
C5 H11 O8 P
KTVPXOYAKDPRHY-AIHAYLRMSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PRP
Query on PRP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
ALPHA-PHOSPHORIBOSYLPYROPHOSPHORIC ACID
C5 H13 O14 P3
PQGCEDQWHSBAJP-TXICZTDVSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ADE
Query on ADE

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
ADENINE
C5 H5 N5
GFFGJBXGBJISGV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.83 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.190 
  • R-Value Work: 0.146 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 47.019α = 76.59
b = 47.267β = 69.26
c = 47.522γ = 61.89
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-04-25
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-21
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Advisory, Derived calculations, Refinement description, Version format compliance