1ZMX

Crystal structure of D. melanogaster deoxyribonucleoside kinase N64D mutant in complex with thymidine


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.1 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.288 
  • R-Value Work: 0.269 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural basis for the changed substrate specificity of Drosophila melanogaster deoxyribonucleoside kinase mutant N64D.

Welin, M.Skovgaard, T.Knecht, W.Zhu, C.Berenstein, D.Munch-Petersen, B.Piskur, J.Eklund, H.

(2005) Febs J. 272: 3733-3742

  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1742-4658.2005.04803.x
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The Drosophila melanogaster deoxyribonucleoside kinase (Dm-dNK) double mutant N45D/N64D was identified during a previous directed evolution study. This mutant enzyme had a decreased activity towards the natural substrates and decreased feedback inhib ...

    The Drosophila melanogaster deoxyribonucleoside kinase (Dm-dNK) double mutant N45D/N64D was identified during a previous directed evolution study. This mutant enzyme had a decreased activity towards the natural substrates and decreased feedback inhibition with dTTP, whereas the activity with 3'-modified nucleoside analogs like 3'-azidothymidine (AZT) was nearly unchanged. Here, we identify the mutation N64D as being responsible for these changes. Furthermore, we crystallized the mutant enzyme in the presence of one of its substrates, thymidine, and the feedback inhibitor, dTTP. The introduction of the charged Asp residue appears to destabilize the LID region (residues 167-176) of the enzyme by electrostatic repulsion and no hydrogen bond to the 3'-OH is made in the substrate complex by Glu172 of the LID region. This provides a binding space for more bulky 3'-substituents like the azido group in AZT but influences negatively the interactions between Dm-dNK, substrates and feedback inhibitors based on deoxyribose. The detailed picture of the structure-function relationship provides an improved background for future development of novel mutant suicide genes for Dm-dNK-mediated gene therapy.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Biomedical Center, Uppsala, Sweden.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Deoxynucleoside kinase
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
230Drosophila melanogasterMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: dnk
EC: 2.7.1.145
Find proteins for Q9XZT6 (Drosophila melanogaster)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9XZT6
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
THM
Query on THM

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
THYMIDINE
DEOXYTHYMIDINE; 2'-DEOXYTHYMIDINE
C10 H14 N2 O5
IQFYYKKMVGJFEH-XLPZGREQSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.1 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.288 
  • R-Value Work: 0.269 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 69.712α = 90.00
b = 70.340β = 90.69
c = 224.528γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOSFLMdata reduction
CCP4data scaling
REFMACrefinement
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2005-05-24
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance