Chemical Component Summary

NameTHYMIDINE
Identifiers1-[(2R,4S,5R)-4-hydroxy-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolan-2-yl]-5-methyl-pyrimidine-2,4-dione
FormulaC10 H14 N2 O5
Molecular Weight242.23
TypeDNA OH 5 PRIME TERMINUS
Isomeric SMILESCC1=CN([C@H]2C[C@H](O)[C@@H](CO)O2)C(=O)NC1=O
InChIInChI=1S/C10H14N2O5/c1-5-3-12(10(16)11-9(5)15)8-2-6(14)7(4-13)17-8/h3,6-8,13-14H,2,4H2,1H3,(H,11,15,16)/t6-,7+,8+/m0/s1
InChIKeyIQFYYKKMVGJFEH-XLPZGREQSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count31
Chiral Atom Count3
Bond Count32
Aromatic Bond Count0

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB04485 
NameThymidine
Groups
  • experimental
  • investigational
DescriptionThymidine is a pyrimidine deoxynucleoside. Thymidine is the DNA nucleoside T, which pairs with deoxyadenosine (A) in double-stranded DNA. In cell biology it is used to synchronize the cells in S phase.
Synonyms
  • Thymine 2'-deoxyriboside
  • dThd
  • 2'-deoxy-5-methyluridine
  • Thymine deoxyriboside
  • 2'-thymidine
Categories
  • Carbohydrates
  • Deoxyribonucleosides
  • Glycosides
  • Nucleic Acids, Nucleotides, and Nucleosides
  • Nucleosides
CAS number50-89-5

Drug Targets

NameTarget SequencePharmacological ActionActions
Thymidine kinaseMAACVPPGEAPRSASGTPTRRQVTIVRIYLDGVYGIGKSTTGRVMASAAS...unknown
Thymidine kinase 2, mitochondrialMLLWPLRGWAARALRCFGPGSRGSPASGPGPRRVQRRAWPPDKEQEKEKK...unknown
Glucose-1-phosphate thymidylyltransferaseMKRKGIILAGGSGTRLHPATLAISKQLLPVYDKPMIYYPLSTLMLAGIRE...unknown
Nucleoside-specific channel-forming protein tsxMKKTLLAAGAVLALSSSFTVNAAENDKPQYLSDWWHQSVNVVGSYHTRFG...unknown
Thymidylate kinaseMLIAIEGVDGAGKRTLVEKLSGAFRAAGRSVATLAFPRYGQSVAADIAAE...unknown
View More
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682