1ZED

Alkaline phosphatase from human placenta in complex with p-nitrophenyl-phosphonate


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.57 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.188 
  • R-Value Work: 0.149 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.151 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural Studies of Human Placental Alkaline Phosphatase in Complex with Functional Ligands.

Llinas, P.Stura, E.A.Menez, A.Kiss, Z.Stigbrand, T.Millan, J.L.Le Du, M.H.

(2005) J Mol Biol 350: 441-451

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2005.04.068
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1ZEB, 1ZEF, 1ZED

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The activity of human placental alkaline phosphatase (PLAP) is downregulated by a number of effectors such as l-phenylalanine, an uncompetitive inhibitor, 5'-AMP, an antagonist of the effects of PLAP on fibroblast proliferation and by p-nitrophenyl-phosphonate (PNPPate), a non-hydrolysable substrate analogue ...

    The activity of human placental alkaline phosphatase (PLAP) is downregulated by a number of effectors such as l-phenylalanine, an uncompetitive inhibitor, 5'-AMP, an antagonist of the effects of PLAP on fibroblast proliferation and by p-nitrophenyl-phosphonate (PNPPate), a non-hydrolysable substrate analogue. For the first two, such regulation may be linked to its biological function that requires a reduced and better-regulated hydrolytic rate. To understand how such disparate ligands are able to inhibit the enzyme, we solved the structure of the complexes at 1.6A, 1.9A and 1.9A resolution, respectively. These crystal structures are the first of an alkaline phosphatase in complex with organic inhibitors. Of the three inhibitors, only l-Phe and PNPPate bind at the active site hydrophobic pocket, providing structural data on the uncompetitive inhibition process. In contrast, all three ligands interact at a remote peripheral site located 28A from the active site. In order to extend these observations to the other members of the human alkaline phosphatase family, we have modelled the structures of the other human isozymes and compared them to PLAP. This comparison highlights the crucial role played by position 429 at the active site in the modulation of the catalytic process, and suggests that the peripheral binding site may be involved in the functional specialization of the PLAP isozyme.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Laboratoire de Structure des Protéines, Département d'Ingénierie et d'Etude des Protéines, Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique, 91191 Gif sur Yvette, France.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Alkaline phosphatase A484Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ALPPPLAP
EC: 3.1.3.1
Find proteins for P05187 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P05187 
Go to UniProtKB:  P05187
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P05187
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 6 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAG
Query on NAG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PNP
Query on PNP

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A
METHYL-PHOSPHONIC ACID MONO-(4-NITRO-PHENYL) ESTER
C7 H8 N O5 P
VJPXTXIEAOSJBR-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PO3
Query on PO3

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A
PHOSPHITE ION
O3 P
AQSJGOWTSHOLKH-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

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A
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

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A
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

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A
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.57 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.188 
  • R-Value Work: 0.149 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.151 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 88.346α = 90
b = 114.573β = 90
c = 106.568γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
FFTphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2005-06-28
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Derived calculations, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary