1YTU

Structural basis for 5'-end-specific recognition of the guide RNA strand by the A. fulgidus PIWI protein


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.266 
  • R-Value Work: 0.204 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.207 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural basis for 5'-end-specific recognition of guide RNA by the A. fulgidus Piwi protein.

Ma, J.B.Yuan, Y.R.Meister, G.Pei, Y.Tuschl, T.Patel, D.J.

(2005) Nature 434: 666-670

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature03514
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1YTU

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • RNA interference (RNAi) is a conserved sequence-specific gene regulatory mechanism mediated by the RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC), which is composed of a single-stranded guide RNA and an Argonaute protein. The PIWI domain, a highly conserved motif within Argonaute, has been shown to adopt an RNase H fold critical for the endonuclease cleavage activity of RISC ...

    RNA interference (RNAi) is a conserved sequence-specific gene regulatory mechanism mediated by the RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC), which is composed of a single-stranded guide RNA and an Argonaute protein. The PIWI domain, a highly conserved motif within Argonaute, has been shown to adopt an RNase H fold critical for the endonuclease cleavage activity of RISC. Here we report the crystal structure of Archaeoglobus fulgidus Piwi protein bound to double-stranded RNA, thereby identifying the binding pocket for guide-strand 5'-end recognition and providing insight into guide-strand-mediated messenger RNA target recognition. The phosphorylated 5' end of the guide RNA is anchored within a highly conserved basic pocket, supplemented by the carboxy-terminal carboxylate and a bound divalent cation. The first nucleotide from the 5' end of the guide RNA is unpaired and stacks over a conserved tyrosine residue, whereas successive nucleotides form a four-base-pair RNA duplex. Mutation of the corresponding amino acids that contact the 5' phosphate in human Ago2 resulted in attenuated mRNA cleavage activity. Our structure of the Piwi-RNA complex, and that determined elsewhere, provide direct support for the 5' region of the guide RNA serving as a nucleation site for pairing with target mRNA and for a fixed distance separating the RISC-mediated mRNA cleavage site from the anchored 5' end of the guide RNA.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Structural Biology Program, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10021, USA.



Macromolecules

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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
hypothetical protein AF1318E [auth A], F [auth B]427Archaeoglobus fulgidus DSM 4304Mutation(s): 11 
Gene Names: AF_1318
UniProt
Find proteins for O28951 (Archaeoglobus fulgidus (strain ATCC 49558 / DSM 4304 / JCM 9628 / NBRC 100126 / VC-16))
Explore O28951 
Go to UniProtKB:  O28951
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence

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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
5'-R(P*AP*GP*AP*CP*AP*G)-3'A [auth C], C [auth E]6N/A
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence

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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
5'-R(P*UP*GP*UP*C)-3'B [auth D], D [auth F]4N/A
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MG
Query on MG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
G [auth A], H [auth B]MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
MSE
Query on MSE
E [auth A], F [auth B]L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H11 N O2 SeMET
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.266 
  • R-Value Work: 0.204 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.207 
  • Space Group: H 3
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 238.747α = 90
b = 238.747β = 90
c = 52.042γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2005-04-05
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Source and taxonomy, Version format compliance