1WQ4

Escherichia coli tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase mutant complexed with L-tyrosine


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.224 
  • R-Value Work: 0.187 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural basis of nonnatural amino acid recognition by an engineered aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase for genetic code expansion

Kobayashi, T.Sakamoto, K.Takimura, T.Sekine, R.Vincent, K.Kamata, K.Nishimura, S.Yokoyama, S.

(2005) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 102: 1366-1371

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0407039102
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1VBN, 1WQ3

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The genetic code in a eukaryotic system has been expanded by the engineering of Escherichia coli tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase (TyrRS) with the Y37V and Q195C mutations (37V195C), which specifically recognize 3-iodo-L-tyrosine rather than L-tyrosine. In th ...

    The genetic code in a eukaryotic system has been expanded by the engineering of Escherichia coli tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase (TyrRS) with the Y37V and Q195C mutations (37V195C), which specifically recognize 3-iodo-L-tyrosine rather than L-tyrosine. In the present study, we determined the 3-iodo-L-tyrosine- and L-tyrosine-bound structures of the 37V195C mutant of the E. coli TyrRS catalytic domain at 2.0-A resolution. The gamma-methyl group of Val-37 and the sulfur atom of Cys-195 make van der Waals contacts with the iodine atom of 3-iodo-L-tyrosine. The Val-37 and Cys-195 side chains are rigidly fixed by the neighboring residues forming the hydrophobic core of the TyrRS. The major roles of the two mutations are different for the 3-iodo-L-tyrosine-selective recognition in the first step of the aminoacylation reaction (the amino acid activation step): the Y37V mutation eliminates the fatal steric repulsion with the iodine atom, and the Q195C mutation reduces the L-tyrosine misrecognition. The structure of the 37V195C mutant TyrRS complexed with an L-tyrosyladenylate analogue was also solved, indicating that the 3-iodo-L-tyrosine and L-tyrosine side chains are similarly discriminated in the second step (the aminoacyl transfer step). These results demonstrate that the amino acid-binding pocket on the 37V195C mutant is optimized for specific 3-iodo-L-tyrosine recognition.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biophysics and Biochemistry, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase
A
321Escherichia coli (strain K12)Gene Names: tyrS
EC: 6.1.1.1
Find proteins for P0AGJ9 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Go to UniProtKB:  P0AGJ9
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
TYR
Query on TYR

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
TYROSINE
C9 H11 N O3
OUYCCCASQSFEME-QMMMGPOBSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.224 
  • R-Value Work: 0.187 
  • Space Group: P 31 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 82.913α = 90.00
b = 82.913β = 90.00
c = 92.987γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOLREPphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling
DENZOdata reduction
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2005-01-25
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Derived calculations, Source and taxonomy, Version format compliance