1WPM

Structure of Bacillus subtilis inorganic pyrophosphatase


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.05 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.189 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural Studies of Metal Ions in Family II Pyrophosphatases: The Requirement for a Janus Ion

Fabrichniy, I.P.Lehtio, L.Salminen, A.Zyryanov, A.B.Baykov, A.A.Lahti, R.Goldman, A.

(2004) Biochemistry 43: 14403-14411

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi0484973
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Family II inorganic pyrophosphatases (PPases) constitute a new evolutionary group of PPases, with a different fold and mechanism than the common family I enzyme; they are related to the "DHH" family of phosphoesterases. Biochemical studies have shown ...

    Family II inorganic pyrophosphatases (PPases) constitute a new evolutionary group of PPases, with a different fold and mechanism than the common family I enzyme; they are related to the "DHH" family of phosphoesterases. Biochemical studies have shown that Mn(2+) and Co(2+) preferentially activate family II PPases; Mg(2+) partially activates; and Zn(2+) can either activate or inhibit (Zyryanov et al., Biochemistry, 43, 14395-14402, accompanying paper in this issue). The three solved family II PPase structures did not explain the differences between the PPase families nor the metal ion differences described above. We therefore solved three new family II PPase structures: Bacillus subtilis PPase (Bs-PPase) dimer core bound to Mn(2+) at 1.3 A resolution, and, at 2.05 A resolution, metal-free Bs-PPase and Streptococcus gordonii (Sg-PPase) containing sulfate and Zn(2+). Comparison of the new and old structures of various family II PPases demonstrates why the family II enzyme prefers Mn(2+) or Co(2+), as an activator rather than Mg(2+). Both M1 and M2 undergo significant changes upon substrate binding, changing from five-coordinate to octahedral geometry. Mn(2+) and Co(2+), which readily adopt different coordination states and geometries, are thus favored. Combining our structures with biochemical data, we identified M2 as the high-affinity metal site. Zn(2+) activates in the M1 site, where octahedral geometry is not essential for catalysis, but inhibits in the M2 site, because it is unable to assume octahedral geometry but remains trigonal bipyramidal. Finally, we propose that Lys205-Gln81-Gln80 form a hydrophilic channel to speed product release from the active site.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Program in Structural Biology and Biophysics, Institute of Biotechnology, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 65, FIN-00014, Helsinki, Finland.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Manganese-dependent inorganic pyrophosphatase
A, B
309Bacillus subtilis (strain 168)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ppaC
EC: 3.6.1.1
Find proteins for P37487 (Bacillus subtilis (strain 168))
Go to UniProtKB:  P37487
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
PG4
Query on PG4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
TETRAETHYLENE GLYCOL
C8 H18 O5
UWHCKJMYHZGTIT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.05 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.189 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 59.675α = 90.00
b = 117.293β = 90.00
c = 144.989γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
MAR345data collection
REFMACrefinement
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-11-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-11
    Type: Refinement description