Structural Basis for Acceptor Substrate Recognition of a Human Glucuronyltransferase, GlcAT-P, an Enzyme Critical in the Biosynthesis of the Carbohydrate Epitope HNK-1Kakuda, S., Shiba, T., Ishiguro, M., Tagawa, H., Oka, S., Kajihara, Y., Kawasaki, T., Wakatsuki, S., Kato, R.
(2004) J Biol Chem 279: 22693-22703
- PubMed: 14993226
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M400622200
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
1V84, 1V83, 1V82
- PubMed Abstract:
The HNK-1 carbohydrate epitope is found on many neural cell adhesion molecules. Its structure is characterized by a terminal sulfated glucuronyl acid. The glucuronyltransferases, GlcAT-P and GlcAT-S, are involved in the biosynthesis of the HNK-1 epit ...
The HNK-1 carbohydrate epitope is found on many neural cell adhesion molecules. Its structure is characterized by a terminal sulfated glucuronyl acid. The glucuronyltransferases, GlcAT-P and GlcAT-S, are involved in the biosynthesis of the HNK-1 epitope, GlcAT-P as the major enzyme. We overexpressed and purified the recombinant human GlcAT-P from Escherichia coli. Analysis of its enzymatic activity showed that it catalyzed the transfer reaction for N-acetyllactosamine (Galbeta1-4GlcNAc) but not lacto-N-biose (Galbeta1-3GlcNAc) as an acceptor substrate. Subsequently, we determined the first x-ray crystal structures of human GlcAT-P, in the absence and presence of a donor substrate product UDP, catalytic Mn(2+), and an acceptor substrate analogue N-acetyllactosamine (Galbeta1-4GlcNAc) or an asparagine-linked biantennary nonasaccharide. The asymmetric unit contains two independent molecules. Each molecule is an alpha/beta protein with two regions that constitute the donor and acceptor substrate binding sites. The UDP moiety of donor nucleotide sugar is recognized by conserved amino acid residues including a DXD motif (Asp(195)-Asp(196)-Asp(197)). Other conserved amino acid residues interact with the terminal galactose moiety of the acceptor substrate. In addition, Val(320) and Asn(321), which are located on the C-terminal long loop from a neighboring molecule, and Phe(245) contribute to the interaction with GlcNAc moiety. These three residues play a key role in establishing the acceptor substrate specificity.
Department of Biochemistry, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan.