1UJK

VHS domain of human GGA1 complexed with C-terminal phosphopeptide from BACE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.245 
  • R-Value Work: 0.213 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Insights into the Phosphoregulation of beta-Secretase Sorting Signal by the VHS Domain of GGA1

Shiba, T.Kametaka, S.Kawasaki, M.Shibata, M.Waguri, S.Uchiyama, Y.Wakatsuki, S.

(2004) TRAFFIC 5: 437-448

  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0854.2004.00188.x
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1UJJ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • BACE (beta-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme, beta-secretase) is a type-I membrane protein which functions as an aspartic protease in the production of beta-amyloid peptide, a causative agent of Alzheimer's disease. Its cytoplasmic tail ...

    BACE (beta-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme, beta-secretase) is a type-I membrane protein which functions as an aspartic protease in the production of beta-amyloid peptide, a causative agent of Alzheimer's disease. Its cytoplasmic tail has a characteristic acidic-cluster dileucine motif recognized by the VHS domain of adaptor proteins, GGAs (Golgi-localizing, gamma-adaptin ear homology domain, ARF-interacting). Here we show that BACE is colocalized with GGAs in the trans-Golgi network and peripheral structures, and phosphorylation of a serine residue in the cytoplasmic tail enhances interaction with the VHS domain of GGA1 by about threefold. The X-ray crystal structure of the complex between the GGA1-VHS domain and the BACE C-terminal peptide illustrates a similar recognition mechanism as mannose 6-phosphate receptors except that a glutamine residue closes in to fill the gap created by the shorter BACE peptide. The serine and lysine of the BACE peptide point their side chains towards the solvent. However, phosphorylation of the serine affects the lysine side chain and the peptide backbone, resulting in one additional hydrogen bond and a stronger electrostatic interaction with the VHS domain, hence the reversible increase in affinity.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Structural Biology Research Center, Photon Factory, Institute of Materials Structure Science, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801, Japan.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
ADP-ribosylation factor binding protein GGA1
A, B
147Homo sapiensGene Names: GGA1
Find proteins for Q9UJY5 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: GGA1
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9UJY5
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
C-terminal peptide from Beta-secretase
C, D
12Homo sapiensGene Names: BACE1 (BACE, KIAA1149)
EC: 3.4.23.46
Find proteins for P56817 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: BACE1
Go to UniProtKB:  P56817
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
IOD
Query on IOD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
IODIDE ION
I
XMBWDFGMSWQBCA-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
SEP
Query on SEP
C, D
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC3 H8 N O6 PSER
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.245 
  • R-Value Work: 0.213 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 48.545α = 90.00
b = 72.308β = 90.00
c = 103.130γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOLREPphasing
CCP4data scaling
SCALAdata scaling
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data collection
HKL-2000data reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-05-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance