1U7X

crystal structure of a mutant M. jannashii tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase specific for O-methyl-tyrosine


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.308 
  • R-Value Work: 0.229 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structures of apo wild-type M. jannaschii tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase (TyrRS) and an engineered TyrRS specific for O-methyl-L-tyrosine.

Zhang, Y.Wang, L.Schultz, P.G.Wilson, I.A.

(2005) Protein Sci. 14: 1340-1349

  • DOI: 10.1110/ps.041239305
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The Methanococcus jannaschii tRNA(Tyr)/TyrRS pair has been engineered to incorporate unnatural amino acids into proteins in E. coli. To reveal the structural basis for the altered specificity of mutant TyrRS for O-methyl-L-tyrosine (OMeTyr), the crys ...

    The Methanococcus jannaschii tRNA(Tyr)/TyrRS pair has been engineered to incorporate unnatural amino acids into proteins in E. coli. To reveal the structural basis for the altered specificity of mutant TyrRS for O-methyl-L-tyrosine (OMeTyr), the crystal structures for the apo wild-type and mutant M. jannaschii TyrRS were determined at 2.66 and 3.0 A, respectively, for comparison with the published structure of TyrRS complexed with tRNA(Tyr) and substrate tyrosine. A large conformational change was found for the anticodon recognition loop 257-263 of wild-type TyrRS upon tRNA binding in order to facilitate recognition of G34 of the anticodon loop through pi-stacking and hydrogen bonding interactions. Loop 133-143, which is close to the tRNA acceptor stem-binding site, also appears to be stabilized by interaction with the tRNA(Tyr). Binding of the substrate tyrosine results in subtle and cooperative movements of the side chains within the tyrosine-binding pocket. In the OMeTyr-specific mutant synthetase structure, the signature motif KMSKS loop and acceptor stem-binding loop 133-143 were surprisingly ordered in the absence of bound ATP and tRNA. The active-site mutations result in altered hydrogen bonding and steric interactions which favor binding of OMeTyr over L-tyrosine. The structure of the mutant and wild-type TyrRS now provide a basis for generating new active-site libraries to evolve synthetases specific for other unnatural amino acids.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase
A, B
312Methanocaldococcus jannaschii (strain ATCC 43067 / DSM 2661 / JAL-1 / JCM 10045 / NBRC 100440)Mutation(s): 4 
Gene Names: tyrS
EC: 6.1.1.1
Find proteins for Q57834 (Methanocaldococcus jannaschii (strain ATCC 43067 / DSM 2661 / JAL-1 / JCM 10045 / NBRC 100440))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q57834
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
K
Query on K

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
POTASSIUM ION
K
NPYPAHLBTDXSSS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.308 
  • R-Value Work: 0.229 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 45.371α = 90.00
b = 185.000β = 90.00
c = 93.765γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data reduction
AMoREphasing
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data collection
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2005-05-24
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2014-11-12
    Type: Structure summary