1TR6

NMR solution structure of omega-conotoxin [K10]GVIA, a cyclic cysteine knot peptide


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 50 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

The alpha2delta auxiliary subunit reduces affinity of omega-conotoxins for recombinant N-type (Cav2.2) calcium channels

Mould, J.Yasuda, T.Schroeder, C.I.Beedle, A.M.Doering, C.J.Zamponi, G.W.Adams, D.J.Lewis, R.J.

(2004) J.Biol.Chem. 279: 34705-34714

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M310848200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1TTL

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The omega-conotoxins from fish-hunting cone snails are potent inhibitors of voltage-gated calcium channels. The omega-conotoxins MVIIA and CVID are selective N-type calcium channel inhibitors with potential in the treatment of chronic pain. The beta ...

    The omega-conotoxins from fish-hunting cone snails are potent inhibitors of voltage-gated calcium channels. The omega-conotoxins MVIIA and CVID are selective N-type calcium channel inhibitors with potential in the treatment of chronic pain. The beta and alpha(2)delta-1 auxiliary subunits influence the expression and characteristics of the alpha(1B) subunit of N-type channels and are differentially regulated in disease states, including pain. In this study, we examined the influence of these auxiliary subunits on the ability of the omega-conotoxins GVIA, MVIIA, CVID and analogues to inhibit peripheral and central forms of the rat N-type channels. Although the beta3 subunit had little influence on the on- and off-rates of omega-conotoxins, coexpression of alpha(2)delta with alpha(1B) significantly reduced on-rates and equilibrium inhibition at both the central and peripheral isoforms of the N-type channels. The alpha(2)delta also enhanced the selectivity of MVIIA, but not CVID, for the central isoform. Similar but less pronounced trends were also observed for N-type channels expressed in human embryonic kidney cells. The influence of alpha(2)delta was not affected by oocyte deglycosylation. The extent of recovery from the omega-conotoxin block was least for GVIA, intermediate for MVIIA, and almost complete for CVID. Application of a hyperpolarizing holding potential (-120 mV) did not significantly enhance the extent of CVID recovery. Interestingly, [R10K]MVIIA and [O10K]GVIA had greater recovery from the block, whereas [K10R]CVID had reduced recovery from the block, indicating that position 10 had an important influence on the extent of omega-conotoxin reversibility. Recovery from CVID block was reduced in the presence of alpha(2)delta in human embryonic kidney cells and in oocytes expressing alpha(1B-b). These results may have implications for the antinociceptive properties of omega-conotoxins, given that the alpha(2)delta subunit is up-regulated in certain pain states.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute for Molecular Bioscience, University of Queensland, Queensland 4072, Australia.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Omega-conotoxin GVIA
A
28Conus geographusN/A
Find proteins for P01522 (Conus geographus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P01522
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  2 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
NH2
Query on NH2
A
NON-POLYMERH2 N

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HYP
Query on HYP
A
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H9 N O3PRO
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 50 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 
  • Olderado: 1TR6 Olderado

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-07-13
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2011-10-05
    Type: Derived calculations