1T5A

Human Pyruvate Kinase M2


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.278 
  • R-Value Work: 0.231 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural basis for tumor pyruvate kinase M2 allosteric regulation and catalysis.

Dombrauckas, J.D.Santarsiero, B.D.Mesecar, A.D.

(2005) Biochemistry 44: 9417-9429

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi0474923

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Four isozymes of pyruvate kinase are differentially expressed in human tissue. Human pyruvate kinase isozyme M2 (hPKM2) is expressed in early fetal tissues and is progressively replaced by the other three isozymes, M1, R, and L, immediately after bir ...

    Four isozymes of pyruvate kinase are differentially expressed in human tissue. Human pyruvate kinase isozyme M2 (hPKM2) is expressed in early fetal tissues and is progressively replaced by the other three isozymes, M1, R, and L, immediately after birth. In most cancer cells, hPKM2 is once again expressed to promote tumor cell proliferation. Because of its almost ubiquitous presence in cancer cells, hPKM2 has been designated as tumor specific PK-M2, and its presence in human plasma is currently being used as a molecular marker for the diagnosis of various cancers. The X-ray structure of human hPKM2 complexed with Mg(2+), K(+), the inhibitor oxalate, and the allosteric activator fructose 1,6-bisphosphate (FBP) has been determined to a resolution of 2.82 A. The active site of hPKM2 is in a partially closed conformation most likely resulting from a ligand-induced domain closure promoted by the binding of FBP. In all four subunits of the enzyme tetramer, a conserved water molecule is observed on the 2-si face of the prospective enolate and supports the hypothesis that a proton-relay system is acting as the proton donor of the reaction (1). Significant structural differences among the human M2, rabbit muscle M1, and the human R isozymes are observed, especially in the orientation of the FBP-activating loop, which is in a closed conformation when FBP is bound. The structural differences observed between the PK isozymes could potentially be exploited as unique structural templates for the design of allosteric drugs against the disease states associated with the various PK isozymes, especially cancer and nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Center for Pharmaceutical Biotechnology and Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60607, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Pyruvate kinase, M2 isozyme
A, B, C, D
567Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PKM (OIP3, PK2, PK3, PKM2)
EC: 2.7.1.40
Find proteins for P14618 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: PKM
Go to UniProtKB:  P14618
Small Molecules
Ligands 6 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
K
Query on K

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
POTASSIUM ION
K
NPYPAHLBTDXSSS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PO4
Query on PO4

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Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

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Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
OXL
Query on OXL

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Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
OXALATE ION
C2 O4
MUBZPKHOEPUJKR-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

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Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
FBP
Query on FBP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
BETA-FRUCTOSE-1,6-DIPHOSPHATE
FRUCTOSE-1,6-BISPHOSPHATE
C6 H14 O12 P2
RNBGYGVWRKECFJ-ARQDHWQXSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
OXLKi: 24000 nM PDBBIND
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.278 
  • R-Value Work: 0.231 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 108.209α = 90.00
b = 145.006β = 90.00
c = 159.260γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
SCALEPACKdata scaling
EPMRphasing
DENZOdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2005-07-12
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance