1T4X

The first left-handed RNA structure of (CGCGCG)2, Z-RNA, NMR, 12 structures, determined in high salt


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 50 
  • Conformers Submitted: 12 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the least restraint violations,structures with the lowest energy 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

High salt solution structure of a left-handed RNA double helix.

Popenda, M.Milecki, J.Adamiak, R.W.

(2004) Nucleic Acids Res. 32: 4044-4054

  • DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkh736

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Right-handed RNA duplexes of (CG)n sequence undergo salt-induced helicity reversal, forming left-handed RNA double helices (Z-RNA). In contrast to the thoroughly studied Z-DNA, no Z-RNA structure of natural origin is known. Here we report the NMR str ...

    Right-handed RNA duplexes of (CG)n sequence undergo salt-induced helicity reversal, forming left-handed RNA double helices (Z-RNA). In contrast to the thoroughly studied Z-DNA, no Z-RNA structure of natural origin is known. Here we report the NMR structure of a half-turn, left-handed RNA helix (CGCGCG)2 determined in 6 M NaClO4. This is the first nucleic acid motif determined at such high salt. Sequential assignments of non-exchangeable proton resonances of the Z-form were based on the hitherto unreported NOE connectivity path [H6(n)-H5'/H5''(n)-H8(n+1)-H1'(n+1)-H6(n+2)] found for left-handed helices. Z-RNA structure shows several conformational features significantly different from Z-DNA. Intra-strand but no inter-strand base stacking was observed for both CpG and GpC steps. Helical twist angles for CpG steps have small positive values (4-7 degrees), whereas GpC steps have large negative values (-61 degrees). In the full-turn model of Z-RNA (12.4 bp per turn), base pairs are much closer to the helix axis than in Z-DNA, thus both the very deep, narrow minor groove with buried cytidine 2'-OH groups, and the major groove are well defined. The 2'-OH group of cytidines plays a crucial role in the Z-RNA structure and its formation; 2'-O-methylation of cytidine, but not of guanosine residues prohibits A to Z helicity reversal.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Laboratory of Structural Chemistry of Nucleic Acids, Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, Noskowskiego 12-14, 61-704 Poznań, Poland and Faculty of Chemistry, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland.




Macromolecules

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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
RNA (5'-R(*CP*GP*CP*GP*CP*G)-3')A,B6N/A
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 50 
  • Conformers Submitted: 12 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the least restraint violations,structures with the lowest energy 

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-08-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance