1SQ0

Crystal Structure of the Complex of the Wild-type Von Willebrand Factor A1 domain and Glycoprotein Ib alpha at 2.6 Angstrom Resolution


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.239 
  • R-Value Work: 0.190 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.190 

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This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structure of the wild-type von Willebrand factor A1-glycoprotein Ibalpha complex reveals conformation differences with a complex bearing von Willebrand disease mutations

Dumas, J.J.Kumar, R.McDonagh, T.Sullivan, F.Stahl, M.L.Somers, W.S.Mosyak, L.

(2004) J Biol Chem 279: 23327-23334

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M401659200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1SQ0

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The adhesion of platelets to the subendothelium of blood vessels at sites of vascular injury under high shear conditions is mediated by a direct interaction between the platelet receptor glycoprotein Ibalpha (GpIbalpha) and the A1 domain of the von Wille ...

    The adhesion of platelets to the subendothelium of blood vessels at sites of vascular injury under high shear conditions is mediated by a direct interaction between the platelet receptor glycoprotein Ibalpha (GpIbalpha) and the A1 domain of the von Willebrand factor (VWF). Here we report the 2.6-A crystal structure of a complex comprised of the extracellular domain of GpIbalpha and the wild-type A1 domain of VWF. A direct comparison of this structure to a GpIbalpha-A1 complex containing "gain-of-function" mutations, A1-R543Q and GpIbalpha-M239V, reveals specific structural differences between these complexes at sites near the two GpIbalpha-A1 binding interfaces. At the smaller interface, differences in interaction show that the alpha1-beta2 loop of A1 serves as a conformational switch, alternating between an open alpha1-beta2 isomer that allows faster dissociation of GpIbalpha-A1, as observed in the wild-type complex, and an extended isomer that favors tight association as seen in the complex containing A1 with a type 2B von Willebrand Disease (VWD) mutation associated with spontaneous binding to GpIbalpha. At the larger interface, differences in interaction associated with the GpIbalpha-M239V platelet-type VWD mutation are minor and localized but feature discrete gamma-turn conformers at the loop end of the beta-hairpin structure. The beta-hairpin, stabilized by a strong classic gamma-turn as seen in the mutant complex, relates to the increased affinity of A1 binding, and the beta-hairpin with a weak inverse gamma-turn observed in the wild-type complex corresponds to the lower affinity state of GpIbalpha. These findings provide important details that add to our understanding of how both type 2B and platelet-type VWD mutations affect GpIbalpha-A1 binding affinity.


    Related Citations: 
    • Crystal Structure of the GpIb(alpha)-Thrombin Complex Essential for Platelet Aggregation
      Dumas, J.J., Kumar, R., Seehra, J., Somers, W.S., Mosyak, L.
      (2003) Science 301: 222

    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemical and Screening Sciences, Wyeth, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02140, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Von Willebrand factor (vWF) [Contains: Von Willebrand antigen II] A214Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: VWFF8VWF
Find proteins for P04275 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P04275 
Go to UniProtKB:  P04275
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P04275
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Platelet glycoprotein Ib alpha chain (Glycoprotein Ibalpha) (GP-Ib alpha) (GPIbA) (GPIb-alpha) (CD42B-alpha) (CD42B) [Contains: Glycocalicin] B288Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: GP1BA
Find proteins for P07359 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P07359 
Go to UniProtKB:  P07359
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P07359
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.239 
  • R-Value Work: 0.190 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.190 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 72.497α = 90
b = 116.104β = 90
c = 67.962γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
CCP4data scaling
SHELXSphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-04-13
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance