1RD4

An allosteric inhibitor of LFA-1 bound to its I-domain


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.290 
  • R-Value Work: 0.236 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure of an allosteric inhibitor of LFA-1 bound to the I-domain studied by crystallography, NMR, and calorimetry

Crump, M.P.Ceska, T.A.Spyracopoulos, L.Henry, A.Archibald, S.C.Alexander, R.Taylor, R.J.Findlow, S.C.O'Connell, J.Robinson, M.K.Shock, A.

(2004) Biochemistry 43: 2394-2404

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi035422a

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • LFA-1 (lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1) plays a role in intercellular adhesion and lymphocyte trafficking and activation and is an attractive anti-inflammatory drug target. The alpha-subunit of LFA-1, in common with several other integrins, ...

    LFA-1 (lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1) plays a role in intercellular adhesion and lymphocyte trafficking and activation and is an attractive anti-inflammatory drug target. The alpha-subunit of LFA-1, in common with several other integrins, has an N-terminally inserted domain (I-domain) of approximately 200 amino acids that plays a central role in regulating ligand binding to LFA-1. An additional region, termed the I-domain allosteric site (IDAS), has been identified exclusively within the LFA-1 I-domain and shown to regulate the function of this protein. The IDAS is occupied by small molecule LFA-1 inhibitors when cocrystallized or analyzed by (15)N-(1)H HSQC (heteronuclear single-quantum coherence) NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) titration experiments. We report here a novel arylthio inhibitor that binds the I-domain with a K(d) of 18.3 nM as determined by isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC). This value is in close agreement with the IC(50) (10.9 nM) derived from a biochemical competition assay (DELFIA) that measures the level of inhibition of binding of whole LFA-1 to its ligand, ICAM-1. Having established the strong affinity of the arylthio inhibitor for the isolated I-domain, we have used a range of techniques to further characterize the binding, including ITC, NMR, and X-ray crystallography. We have first developed an effective ITC binding assay for use with low-solubility inhibitors that avoids the need for ELISA-based assays. In addition, we utilized a fast NMR-based assay for the generation of I-domain-inhibitor models. This is based around the collection of HCCH-TOCSY spectra of LFA-1 in the bound form and the identification of a subset of side chain methyl groups that give chemical shift changes upon binding of LFA-1 inhibitors. This subset was used in two-dimensional (13)C-(15)N and (15)N-filtered and -edited two-dimensional NMR experiments to identify a minimal set of intraligand and ligand-protein NOEs, respectively (nuclear Overhauser enhancements). Models from the NMR data were assessed by comparison to an X-ray crystallographic structure of the complex, confirming that the method correctly predicted the essential features of the bound ligand.


    Organizational Affiliation

    School of Biological Sciences, University of Southampton, Bassett Crescent East, UK. matt.crump@bristol.ac.uk




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Integrin alpha-L
A, B, C, D
191Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ITGAL (CD11A)
Find proteins for P20701 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: ITGAL
Go to UniProtKB:  P20701
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
L08
Query on L08

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
1-ACETYL-4-(4-{4-[(2-ETHOXYPHENYL)THIO]-3-NITROPHENYL}PYRIDIN-2-YL)PIPERAZINE
C25 H26 N4 O4 S
GKGJFUXSTSUKPB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
L08Kd: 18.3 nM BINDINGMOAD
L08Kd: 18.3 nM PDBBIND
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.290 
  • R-Value Work: 0.236 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 45.960α = 74.21
b = 64.410β = 90.00
c = 66.210γ = 87.26
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOLREPphasing
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-03-30
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2018-04-04
    Type: Data collection