1R3C

THE STRUCTURE OF P38ALPHA C162S MUTANT


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.224 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Lattice stabilization and enhanced diffraction in human p38 alpha crystals by protein engineering.

Patel, S.B.Cameron, P.M.Frantz-Wattley, B.O'Neill, E.Becker, J.W.Scapin, G.

(2004) Biochim.Biophys.Acta 1696: 67-73

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase p38 alpha is activated in response to environmental stress and cytokines, and plays a significant role in inflammatory responses. For these reasons, it is an important target for the treatment of a wide range of ...

    Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase p38 alpha is activated in response to environmental stress and cytokines, and plays a significant role in inflammatory responses. For these reasons, it is an important target for the treatment of a wide range of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. The crystals of p38 alpha that we obtained by published procedures were usually small, quite mosaic, and difficult to reproduce and thus posed a difficulty for the intensive high-resolution studies required for a structure-guided drug discovery approach. Based on crystallographic and biochemical evidences, we prepared a single point mutation of a surface cysteine (C162S) and found that it prevents aggregation and improves the homogeneity and stability of the enzyme. This mutation also facilitates the crystallization process and increases the diffracting power of p38 alpha crystals. Surprisingly, we found that the mutation induces a change in the conformation of a nearby surface loop resulting in stronger lattice interactions, consistent with the improved crystal quality. The mutant protein, because of its improved stability and strengthened lattice interactions, thus provides a significantly improved reagent for use in structure-based drug design for this important disease target.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Merck Research Laboratory, PO Box 2000 RY50-105, Rahway, NJ 07065, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Mitogen-activated protein kinase 14
A
366Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: MAPK14 (CSBP, CSBP1, CSBP2, CSPB1, MXI2, SAPK2A)
EC: 2.7.11.24
Find proteins for Q16539 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: MAPK14
Go to UniProtKB:  Q16539
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.224 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 45.162α = 90.00
b = 84.799β = 90.00
c = 124.908γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-GENdata reduction
X-GENdata scaling
CNSphasing
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-01-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-11
    Type: Refinement description