Crystal Structure of Aclacinomycin-10-Hydroxylase, a S-Adenosyl-L-Methionine-dependent Methyltransferase Homolog Involved in Anthracycline Biosynthesis in Streptomyces purpurascens.Jansson, A., Niemi, J., Lindqvist, Y., Mantsala, P., Schneider, G.
(2003) J.Mol.Biol. 334: 269-280
- PubMed: 14607118
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1R00
- PubMed Abstract:
- Crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction studies of aclacinomycin-10-methylesterase and aclacinomycin-10-hydroxylase from Streptomyces purpurascens
Jansson, A.,Niemi, J.,Mantsala, P.,Schneider, G.
(2003) Acta Crystallogr.,Sect.D 59: 1637
Anthracyclines are aromatic polyketide antibiotics, and several of these compounds are widely used as anti-tumor drugs in chemotherapy. Aclacinomycin-10-hydroxylase (RdmB) is one of the tailoring enzymes that modify the polyketide backbone in the bio ...
Anthracyclines are aromatic polyketide antibiotics, and several of these compounds are widely used as anti-tumor drugs in chemotherapy. Aclacinomycin-10-hydroxylase (RdmB) is one of the tailoring enzymes that modify the polyketide backbone in the biosynthesis of these metabolites. RdmB, a S-adenosyl-L-methionine-dependent methyltransferase homolog, catalyses the hydroxylation of 15-demethoxy-epsilon-rhodomycin to beta-rhodomycin, one step in rhodomycin biosynthesis in Streptomyces purpurascens. The crystal structure of RdmB, determined by multiwavelength anomalous diffraction to 2.1A resolution, reveals that the enzyme subunit has a fold similar to methyltransferases and binds S-adenosyl-L-methionine. The N-terminal domain, which consists almost exclusively of alpha-helices, is involved in dimerization. The C-terminal domain contains a typical alpha/beta nucleotide-binding fold, which binds S-adenosyl-L-methionine, and several of the residues interacting with the cofactor are conserved in O-methyltransferases. Adjacent to the S-adenosyl-L-methionine molecule there is a large cleft extending to the enzyme surface of sufficient size to bind the substrate. Analysis of the putative substrate-binding pocket suggests that there is no enzymatic group in proximity of the substrate 15-demethoxy-epsilon-rhodomycin, which could assist in proton abstraction and thus facilitate methyl transfer. The lack of a suitably positioned catalytic base might thus be one of the features responsible for the inability of the enzyme to act as a methyltransferase.
Molecular Structural Biology, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Karolinska Institutet, S-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden.