1Q33

Crystal structure of human ADP-ribose pyrophosphatase NUDT9


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.81 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.201 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

The Crystal Structure and Mutational Analysis of Human NUDT9

Shen, B.W.Perraud, A.L.Scharenberg, A.Stoddard, B.L.

(2003) J.Mol.Biol. 332: 385-398

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1QVJ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Human ADP-ribose pyrophosphatase NUDT9 belongs to a superfamily of Nudix hydrolases that catabolize potentially toxic compounds in the cell. The enzyme hydrolyzes ADP-ribose (ADPR) to AMP and ribose 5'-phosphate. NUDT9 shares 39% sequence identity wi ...

    Human ADP-ribose pyrophosphatase NUDT9 belongs to a superfamily of Nudix hydrolases that catabolize potentially toxic compounds in the cell. The enzyme hydrolyzes ADP-ribose (ADPR) to AMP and ribose 5'-phosphate. NUDT9 shares 39% sequence identity with the C-terminal cytoplasmic domain of the ADPR-gated calcium channel TRPM2, which exhibits low but specific enzyme activity. We determined crystal structures of NUDT9 in the presence and in the absence of the reaction product ribose 5'-phosphate. On the basis of these structures and comparison with a bacterial homologue, a model of the substrate complex was built. The structure and activity of a double point mutant (R(229)E(230)F(231) to R(229)I(230)L(231)), which mimics the Nudix signature of the ion channel domain, was determined. Finally, the activities of a pair of additional mutated constructs were compared to the wild-type enzyme. The first corresponds to a minimal Nudix domain missing an N-terminal domain and C-terminal tail; the second disrupts two potential general bases in the active site. NUDT9 contains an N-terminal domain with a novel fold and a catalytic C-terminal Nudix domain. Unlike its closest functional homologue (homodimeric Escherichia coli ADPRase), it is active as a monomer, and the substrate is bound in a cleft between the domains. The structure of the RIL mutant provides structural basis for the reduced activity of the TRPM2 ion channel. The conformation and binding interactions of ADPR substrate are predicted to differ from those observed for E.coli ADPRase; mutation of structurally aligned acidic residues in their active sites produce significantly different effects on catalytic efficiency, indicating that their reaction pathways and mechanisms may have diverged.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Division of Basic Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
ADP-ribose pyrophosphatase
A
292Homo sapiensGene Names: NUDT9 (NUDT10)
EC: 3.6.1.13
Find proteins for Q9BW91 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: NUDT9
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9BW91
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
BGC
Query on BGC

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
BETA-D-GLUCOSE
C6 H12 O6
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-VFUOTHLCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
MSE
Query on MSE
A
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H11 N O2 SeMET
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.81 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.201 
  • Space Group: I 2 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 79.837α = 90.00
b = 87.497β = 90.00
c = 119.814γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data reduction
CNSphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data collection

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-09-30
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance