1PJP

THE 2.2 A CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF HUMAN CHYMASE IN COMPLEX WITH SUCCINYL-ALA-ALA-PRO-PHE-CHLOROMETHYLKETONE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.237 
  • R-Value Work: 0.184 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

The 2.2 A crystal structure of human chymase in complex with succinyl-Ala-Ala-Pro-Phe-chloromethylketone: structural explanation for its dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase specificity.

Pereira, P.J.Wang, Z.M.Rubin, H.Huber, R.Bode, W.Schechter, N.M.Strobl, S.

(1999) J.Mol.Biol. 286: 163-173

  • DOI: 10.1006/jmbi.1998.2462

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Human chymase (HC) is a chymotrypsin-like serine proteinase expressed by mast cells. The 2.2 A crystal structure of HC complexed to the peptidyl inhibitor, succinyl-Ala-Ala-Pro-Phe-chloromethylketone (CMK), was solved and refined to a crystallographi ...

    Human chymase (HC) is a chymotrypsin-like serine proteinase expressed by mast cells. The 2.2 A crystal structure of HC complexed to the peptidyl inhibitor, succinyl-Ala-Ala-Pro-Phe-chloromethylketone (CMK), was solved and refined to a crystallographic R-factor of 18.4 %. The HC structure exhibits the typical folding pattern of a chymotrypsin-like serine proteinase, and shows particularly similarity to rat chymase 2 (rat mast cell proteinase II) and human cathepsin G. The peptidyl-CMK inhibitor is covalently bound to the active-site residues Ser195 and His57; the peptidyl moiety juxtaposes the S1 entrance frame segment 214-217 by forming a short antiparallel beta-sheet. HC is a highly efficient angiotensin-converting enzyme. Modeling of the chymase-angiotensin I interaction guided by the geometry of the bound chloromethylketone inhibitor indicates that the extended substrate binding site contains features that may generate the dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase-like activity needed for efficient cleavage and activation of the hormone. The C-terminal carboxylate group of angiotensin I docked into the active-site cleft, with the last two residues extending beyond the active site, is perfectly localized to make a favorable hydrogen bond and salt bridge with the amide nitrogen of the Lys40-Phe41 peptide bond and with the epsilon-ammonium group of the Lys40 side-chain. This amide positioning is unique to the chymase-related proteinases, and only chymases from primates possess a Lys residue at position 40. Thus, the structure conveniently explains the preferred conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II by human chymase.


    Related Citations: 
    • Crystal Structure of Phenylmethanesulfonyl Fluoride-Treated Human Chymase at 1.9 A
      McGrath, M.E.,Mirzadegan, T.,Schmidt, B.F.
      (1997) Biochemistry 36: 14318


    Organizational Affiliation

    Abteilung für Strukturforschung, Max-Planck-Institut für Biochemie, Am Klopferspitz 18a, Martinsried, D-82152, Germany.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
CHYMASE
A
226Homo sapiensGene Names: CMA1 (CYH, CYM)
EC: 3.4.21.39
Find proteins for P23946 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: CMA1
Go to UniProtKB:  P23946
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
SUCCINYL-ALA-ALA-PRO-PHE-CHLOROMETHYLKETONE INHIBITOR
I
6N/AN/A
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Biologically Interesting Molecules 1 Unique
IDChainsNameType/Class2D Diagram3D Interactions
PRD_000381
Query on PRD_000381
ISUCCINYL-ALA-ALA-PRO-PHE-CHLOROMETHYLKETONEPeptide-like / Inhibitor

--

Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.237 
  • R-Value Work: 0.184 
  • Space Group: P 43
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 74.370α = 90.00
b = 74.370β = 90.00
c = 50.090γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
AMoREphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling
X-PLORrefinement
DENZOdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1999-03-02
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2007-10-16
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Atomic model, Database references, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2012-12-12
    Type: Other