Chemical Component Summary

NamePHENYLALANINE
Identifiers(2S)-2-amino-3-phenyl-propanoic acid
FormulaC9 H11 N O2
Molecular Weight165.19
TypeL-PEPTIDE LINKING
Isomeric SMILESN[C@@H](Cc1ccccc1)C(O)=O
InChIInChI=1S/C9H11NO2/c10-8(9(11)12)6-7-4-2-1-3-5-7/h1-5,8H,6,10H2,(H,11,12)/t8-/m0/s1
InChIKeyCOLNVLDHVKWLRT-QMMMGPOBSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count23
Chiral Atom Count1
Bond Count23
Aromatic Bond Count6

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00120 
NamePhenylalanine
Groups
  • approved
  • investigational
  • nutraceutical
DescriptionPhenylalanine is an essential aromatic amino acid that is a precursor of melanin, [dopamine], [noradrenalin] (norepinephrine), and [thyroxine].
Synonyms
  • (S)-2-Amino-3-phenylpropionic acid
  • L-Phenylalanine
  • 3-phenyl-L-alanine
  • beta-Phenyl-L-alanine
  • Phenylalanine hydrochloride
Brand Names
  • 4.25%travasol Amino Acid InJ.W.elecw.5%dex.
  • Aminosyn HF
  • ProSol
  • Olimel 3.3% E
  • Aminosyn 8.5%
IndicationL-phenylalanine may be helpful in some with depression. It may also be useful in the treatment of vitiligo. There is some evidence that L-phenylalanine may exacerbate tardive dyskinesia in some schizophrenic patients and in some who have used neuroleptic drugs.
Categories
  • Amino Acids
  • Amino Acids, Aromatic
  • Amino Acids, Cyclic
  • Amino Acids, Essential
  • Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins
CAS number63-91-2

Drug Targets

NameTarget SequencePharmacological ActionActions
Tyrosine aminotransferaseMDPYMIQMSSKGNLPSILDVHVNVGGRSSVPGKMKGRKARWSVRPSDMAK...unknown
Large neutral amino acids transporter small subunit 2MEEGARHRNNTEKKHPGGGESDASPEAGSGGGGVALKKEIGLVSACGIIV...unknown
Phenylalanine--tRNA ligase alpha subunitMADGQVAELLLRRLEASDGGLDSAELAAELGMEHQAVVGAVKSLQALGEV...unknown
Phenylalanine-4-hydroxylaseMSTAVLENPGLGRKLSDFGQETSYIEDNCNQNGAISLIFSLKEEVGALAK...unknown
Phenylalanine--tRNA ligase, mitochondrialMVGSALRRGAHAYVYLVSKASHISRGHQHQAWGSRPPAAECATQRAPGSV...unknown
View More
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682