Structural basis for dipeptide amide isoform-selective inhibition of neuronal nitric oxide synthase.Flinspach, M.L., Li, H., Jamal, J., Yang, W., Huang, H., Hah, J.M., Gomez-Vidal, J.A., Litzinger, E.A., Silverman, R.B., Poulos, T.L.
(2004) Nat Struct Mol Biol 11: 54-59
- PubMed: 14718923
- DOI: 10.1038/nsmb704
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
1P6H, 1P6I, 1P6J, 1P6K, 1P6L, 1P6M, 1P6N, 1Q2O
- PubMed Abstract:
- CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF CONSTITUTIVE ENDOTHELIAL
NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE: A PARADIGM FOR PTERIN
FUNCTION INVOLVING A NOVEL METAL CENTER
Raman, C.S., Li, H., Martasek, P., Kral, V., Masters, B.S.S., Poulos, T.L.
(1998) Cell 95: 939
- The novel binding mode of N-alkyl-N'-hydroxyguanidine to neuronal nitric
oxide synthase provides mechanistic insights into NO biosynthesis
Li, H., Shimizu, H., Flinspach, M., Jamal, J., Yang, W., Xian, M., Cai, T., Wen, E.Z., Jia, Q., Wang, P.G., Poulos, T.L.
(2002) Biochemistry 41: 13868
Three nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms, eNOS, nNOS and iNOS, generate nitric oxide (NO) crucial to the cardiovascular, nervous and host defense systems, respectively. Development of isoform-selective NOS inhibitors is of considerable therapeutic importance ...
Three nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms, eNOS, nNOS and iNOS, generate nitric oxide (NO) crucial to the cardiovascular, nervous and host defense systems, respectively. Development of isoform-selective NOS inhibitors is of considerable therapeutic importance. Crystal structures of nNOS-selective dipeptide inhibitors in complex with both nNOS and eNOS were solved and the inhibitors were found to adopt a curled conformation in nNOS but an extended conformation in eNOS. We hypothesized that a single-residue difference in the active site, Asp597 (nNOS) versus Asn368 (eNOS), is responsible for the favored binding in nNOS. In the D597N nNOS mutant crystal structure, a bound inhibitor switches to the extended conformation and its inhibition of nNOS decreases >200-fold. Therefore, a single-residue difference is responsible for more than two orders of magnitude selectivity in inhibition of nNOS over eNOS by L-N(omega)-nitroarginine-containing dipeptide inhibitors.
Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry and the Program in Macromolecular Structure, University of California, Irvine, California 92697-3900, USA.