Chemical Component Summary

FormulaC6 H14 O6
Molecular Weight182.17
Isomeric SMILESOC[C@@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H](O)CO

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count26
Chiral Atom Count4
Bond Count25
Aromatic Bond Count0

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00742 
  • approved
  • investigational
DescriptionMannitol is an osmotic diuretic that is metabolically inert in humans and occurs naturally, as a sugar or sugar alcohol, in fruits and vegetables. Mannitol elevates blood plasma osmolality, resulting in enhanced flow of water from tissues, including the brain and cerebrospinal fluid, into interstitial fluid and plasma. As a result, cerebral edema, elevated intracranial pressure, and cerebrospinal fluid volume and pressure may be reduced. Mannitol may also be used for the promotion of diuresis before irreversible renal failure becomes established; the promotion of urinary excretion of toxic substances; as an Antiglaucoma agent; and as a renal function diagnostic aid.
  • D-Mannitol
  • Manna Sugar
  • Mannite
  • (2R,3R,4R,5R)-hexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexol
  • Mannitolum
Brand Names
  • IMUFLEX WB-SP Blood Bag System with Integral Whole Blood Leukocyte Reduction Filter (Saving Platelets) with Diversion Blood Sampling Arm Anticoagulant Citrate Phosphate Dextrose (CPD) and OPTISOL (AS-5) Red Cell Preservative
  • Qr Pain
  • Cpd/adsol
  • Mannitol Inj 10% Abbovac
  • Mannitol
IndicationUsed for the promotion of diuresis before irreversible renal failure becomes established, the reduction of intracranial pressure, the treatment of cerebral edema, and the promotion of urinary excretion of toxic substances.
  • Agents causing hyperkalemia
  • Alcohols
  • Alimentary Tract and Metabolism
  • Blood and Blood Forming Organs
  • Blood Substitutes and Perfusion Solutions
  • B05CX04
  • A06AD16
  • R05CB16
  • B05BC01
CAS number69-65-8

Drug Targets

NameTarget SequencePharmacological ActionActions
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682

Related Resource References

Resource NameReference