Two RTH Mutants with Impaired Hormone Binding

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.264 
  • R-Value Work: 0.227 

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Two resistance to thyroid hormone mutants with impaired hormone binding

Huber, B.R.Sandler, B.West, B.L.Cunha-Lima, S.T.Nguyen, H.T.Apriletti, J.W.Baxter, J.D.Fletterick, R.J.

(2003) Mol Endocrinol 17: 643-652

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1210/me.2002-0095
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1NQ2, 1NUO

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Resistance to hormones is commonly due to mutations in genes encoding receptors. Resistance to thyroid hormone is due mostly to mutations of the beta-form of the human (h) thyroid hormone receptor (hTRbeta). We determined x-ray crystal structures of two hTRbeta ligand-binding domains (LBDs), Ala 317 Thr and Arg 316 His. Amino acids 316 and 317 form part of the hormone-binding pocket. The methyl of Ala 317, contacting iodine, sculpts the T3 hormone-binding pocket. Arg 316 is not in direct contact with T3 and has an unknown role in function. Remarkably, the Arg forms part of an unusual buried polar cluster in hTRbeta. Although the identity of the amino acids changes, the polar cluster appears in all nuclear receptors. In spite of the differing roles of 316 and 317, both resistance to thyroid hormone mutants display decreased T3 affinity and weakened transcriptional activation. The two mutants differ in that the Arg 316 His receptor does not form TR-TR homodimers on DNA. 3,5,3'-Triiodothyroacetic acid is bound to both receptors. Thr 317 repositions 3,5,3'-triiodothyroacetic acid distending the face of the receptor that binds coregulators. Arg 316 forms two hydrogen bonds with helix 1. Both are lost with mutation to His displacing helix 1 of the LBD and disordering the loop after helix 1. The stability of the helix 1, deriving in part from the buried polar cluster, is important for hormone binding and formation of TR dimers. The observation that the Arg 316 His mutation affects these functions implies a role for helix 1 in linking hormone binding to the DNA-binding domain-LBD configuration.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    University of California, San Francisco, Department of Biochemistry Biophysics, 513 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, California 94143-0448, USA.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Thyroid hormone receptor beta-1264Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P10828 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P10828 
Go to UniProtKB:  P10828
PHAROS:  P10828
GTEx:  ENSG00000151090 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP10828
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Binding Affinity Annotations 
IDSourceBinding Affinity
4HY BindingDB:  1NQ2 IC50: min: 0.04, max: 0.15 (nM) from 4 assay(s)
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.264 
  • R-Value Work: 0.227 
  • Space Group: P 31 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 68.954α = 90
b = 68.954β = 90
c = 131.4γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2003-04-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Derived calculations, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2011-11-16
    Changes: Atomic model
  • Version 1.4: 2024-02-14
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations
  • Version 1.5: 2024-04-03
    Changes: Refinement description