1NP0

Human lysosomal beta-hexosaminidase isoform B in complex with intermediate analogue NAG-thiazoline


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.227 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.200 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 


This is version 3.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structure of Human beta-hexosaminidase B: Understanding the molecular basis of Sandhoff and Tay-Sachs disease

Mark, B.L.Mahuran, D.J.Cherney, M.M.Zhao, D.Knapp, S.James, M.N.G.

(2003) J Mol Biol 327: 1093-1109

  • DOI: 10.1016/s0022-2836(03)00216-x
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1NOU, 1NOW, 1NP0

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • In humans, two major beta-hexosaminidase isoenzymes exist: Hex A and Hex B. Hex A is a heterodimer of subunits alpha and beta (60% identity), whereas Hex B is a homodimer of beta-subunits. Interest in human beta-hexosaminidase stems from its association with Tay-Sachs and Sandhoff disease; these are prototypical lysosomal storage disorders resulting from the abnormal accumulation of G(M2)-ganglioside (G(M2)) ...

    In humans, two major beta-hexosaminidase isoenzymes exist: Hex A and Hex B. Hex A is a heterodimer of subunits alpha and beta (60% identity), whereas Hex B is a homodimer of beta-subunits. Interest in human beta-hexosaminidase stems from its association with Tay-Sachs and Sandhoff disease; these are prototypical lysosomal storage disorders resulting from the abnormal accumulation of G(M2)-ganglioside (G(M2)). Hex A degrades G(M2) by removing a terminal N-acetyl-D-galactosamine (beta-GalNAc) residue, and this activity requires the G(M2)-activator, a protein which solubilizes the ganglioside for presentation to Hex A. We present here the crystal structure of human Hex B, alone (2.4A) and in complex with the mechanistic inhibitors GalNAc-isofagomine (2.2A) or NAG-thiazoline (2.5A). From these, and the known X-ray structure of the G(M2)-activator, we have modeled Hex A in complex with the activator and ganglioside. Together, our crystallographic and modeling data demonstrate how alpha and beta-subunits dimerize to form either Hex A or Hex B, how these isoenzymes hydrolyze diverse substrates, and how many documented point mutations cause Sandhoff disease (beta-subunit mutations) and Tay-Sachs disease (alpha-subunit mutations).


    Organizational Affiliation

    Canadian Institutes of Heath Research Group in Protein Structure and Function, Department of Biochemistry, University of Alberta, T6G 2H7, Edmonton, Alt., Canada.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Beta-hexosaminidase subunit betaA,
D [auth B]
58Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HEXBHCC7
EC: 3.2.1.52
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P07686 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P07686 
Go to UniProtKB:  P07686
PHAROS:  P07686
GTEx:  ENSG00000049860 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP07686
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Beta-hexosaminidase subunit beta chain BB [auth C],
E
190Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HEXBHCC7
EC: 3.2.1.52
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P07686 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P07686 
Go to UniProtKB:  P07686
PHAROS:  P07686
GTEx:  ENSG00000049860 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP07686
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Beta-hexosaminidase subunit beta chain AC [auth D],
F
241Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HEXBHCC7
EC: 3.2.1.52
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P07686 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P07686 
Go to UniProtKB:  P07686
PHAROS:  P07686
GTEx:  ENSG00000049860 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP07686
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

Help

Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseG, H 2N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G42666HT
GlyCosmos:  G42666HT
GlyGen:  G42666HT
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NGT
Query on NGT

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
I [auth A],
M [auth B]
3AR,5R,6S,7R,7AR-5-HYDROXYMETHYL-2-METHYL-5,6,7,7A-TETRAHYDRO-3AH-PYRANO[3,2-D]THIAZOLE-6,7-DIOL
C8 H13 N O4 S
DRHXTSWSUAJOJZ-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
L [auth B]SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
J [auth A],
K [auth A],
N [auth B]
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Binding Affinity Annotations 
IDSourceBinding Affinity
NGT BindingDB:  1NP0 Ki: min: 190, max: 2.70e+5 (nM) from 3 assay(s)
PDBBind:  1NP0 Ki: 2.70e+5 (nM) from 1 assay(s)
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.227 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.200 
  • Space Group: P 61 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 112.414α = 90
b = 112.414β = 90
c = 397.232γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2003-04-29
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Derived calculations, Version format compliance
  • Version 2.0: 2017-08-16
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Database references, Derived calculations, Polymer sequence, Source and taxonomy, Structure summary
  • Version 3.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary