1NO9

Design of weakly basic thrombin inhibitors incorporating novel P1 binding functions: molecular and X-ray crystallographic studies.


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.204 
  • R-Value Work: 0.183 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

DESIGN OF WEAKLY BASIC THROMBIN INHIBITORS INCORPORATING NOVEL P1 BINDING FUNCTIONS: MOLECULAR AND X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC STUDIES

De Simone, G.Menchise, V.Omaggio, S.Pedone, C.Scozzafava, A.Supuran, C.T.

(2003) Biochemistry 42: 9013-9021

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi020512l

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • To prepare weakly basic thrombin inhibitors with modified S1 anchoring groups, two series of compounds were synthesized by reaction of guanidine or aminoguanidine with acyl halides and N,N-disubstituted carbamoyl chlorides. pK(a) measurements of thes ...

    To prepare weakly basic thrombin inhibitors with modified S1 anchoring groups, two series of compounds were synthesized by reaction of guanidine or aminoguanidine with acyl halides and N,N-disubstituted carbamoyl chlorides. pK(a) measurements of these acylated guanidines/aminoguanidines showed a reduced basicity, with pK(a) values in the range of 8.4-8.7. These molecules typically showed inhibition constants in the range of 150-425 nM against thrombin and 360-965 nM against trypsin, even though some bulky derivatives, such as N,N-diphenylcarbamoylguanidine/aminoguanidine and their congeners, showed much stronger thrombin inhibitory activity, with inhibition constants in the range of 24-42 nM. Unexpectedly, very long incubation times with both proteases revealed that aminoguanidine derivatives behaved as irreversible inhibitors. To assess the molecular basis responsible for the high affinity observed for these molecules toward thrombin, the crystal structure of the thrombin-hirugen-N,N-diphenylcarbamoylaminoguanidine complex has been solved at 1.90 A resolution. The structural analysis of the complex revealed an unexpected interaction mode with the protease, resulting in an N,N-diphenylcarbamoyl intermediate covalently bound to the catalytic serine as a consequence of its hydrolysis together with the release of the aminoguanidine moiety. Surprisingly, in this covalent adduct a phenyl group was found in the S1 specificity pocket, which usually recognizes positively charged residues. These findings provide new insights in the design of low basicity serine protease inhibitors.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Laboratorio di Chimica Inorganica e Bioinorganica, Università degli Studi, via della Lastruccia 3, Rm 188, Polo Scientifico, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Florence, Italy. gmg@chemistry.unina.it




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Alpha Thrombin
L
36Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: F2
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Alpha Thrombin
H
259Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: F2
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
hirugen
I
11Hirudo medicinalisMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for P01050 (Hirudo medicinalis)
Go to UniProtKB:  P01050
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
4ND
Query on 4ND

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
H
N4-(N,N-DIPHENYLCARBAMOYL)-AMINOGUANIDINE
C14 H15 N5 O
QLXOHIUDKNRVBZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
H
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
TYS
Query on TYS
I
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC9 H11 N O6 STYR
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
4NDKi: 24 nM PDBBIND
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.204 
  • R-Value Work: 0.183 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 71.413α = 90.00
b = 72.192β = 100.57
c = 72.705γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-08-26
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Atomic model, Database references, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary, Version format compliance