1NIW

Crystal structure of endothelial nitric oxide synthase peptide bound to calmodulin


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.05 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.249 
  • R-Value Work: 0.223 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.223 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural basis for endothelial nitric oxide synthase binding to calmodulin

Aoyagi, M.Arvai, A.S.Tainer, J.A.Getzoff, E.D.

(2003) EMBO J 22: 766-775

  • DOI: 10.1093/emboj/cdg078
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1NIW

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The enzyme nitric oxide synthase (NOS) is exquisitely regulated in vivo by the Ca(2+) sensor protein calmodulin (CaM) to control production of NO, a key signaling molecule and cytotoxin. The differential activation of NOS isozymes by CaM has remained ...

    The enzyme nitric oxide synthase (NOS) is exquisitely regulated in vivo by the Ca(2+) sensor protein calmodulin (CaM) to control production of NO, a key signaling molecule and cytotoxin. The differential activation of NOS isozymes by CaM has remained enigmatic, despite extensive research. Here, the crystallographic structure of Ca(2+)-loaded CaM bound to a 20 residue peptide comprising the endothelial NOS (eNOS) CaM-binding region establishes their individual conformations and intermolecular interactions, and suggests the basis for isozyme-specific differences. The alpha-helical eNOS peptide binds in an antiparallel orientation to CaM through extensive hydrophobic interactions. Unique NOS interactions occur with: (i). the CaM flexible central linker, explaining its importance in NOS activation; and (ii). the CaM C-terminus, explaining the NOS-specific requirement for a bulky, hydrophobic residue at position 144. This binding mode expands mechanisms for CaM-mediated activation, explains eNOS deactivation by Thr495 phosphorylation, and implicates specific hydrophobic residues in the Ca(2+) independence of inducible NOS.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biology and The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
calmodulinACEG148Rattus norvegicusMutation(s): 9 
Gene Names: Calm1CalmCamCam1CaMI
Find proteins for P0DP29 (Rattus norvegicus)
Explore P0DP29 
Go to UniProtKB:  P0DP29
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Nitric-oxide synthase, endothelialBDFH20N/AMutation(s): 0 
EC: 1.14.13.39
Find proteins for P29474 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P29474 
Go to UniProtKB:  P29474
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P29474
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download CCD File 
A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
EDO
Query on EDO

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C, E
1,2-ETHANEDIOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

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A, C, E, G
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
MSE
Query on MSE
A,C,E,GL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H11 N O2 SeMET
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.05 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.249 
  • R-Value Work: 0.223 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.223 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 68.521α = 90
b = 73.952β = 111.4
c = 71.142γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
SOLVEphasing
SHARPphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-02-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance