1NDM

Crystal structure of Fab fragment of antibody HyHEL-26 complexed with lysozyme


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.1 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.258 
  • R-Value Work: 0.208 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

X-ray snapshots of the maturation of an antibody response to a protein antigen

Li, Y.Li, H.Yang, F.Smith-Gill, S.J.Mariuzza, R.A.

(2003) Nat.Struct.Mol.Biol. 10: 482-488

  • DOI: 10.1038/nsb930
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The process whereby the immune system generates antibodies of higher affinities during a response to antigen (affinity maturation) is a prototypical example of molecular evolution. Earlier studies have been confined to antibodies specific for small m ...

    The process whereby the immune system generates antibodies of higher affinities during a response to antigen (affinity maturation) is a prototypical example of molecular evolution. Earlier studies have been confined to antibodies specific for small molecules (haptens) rather than for proteins. We compare the structures of four antibodies bound to the same site on hen egg white lysozyme (HEL) at different stages of affinity maturation. These X-ray snapshots reveal that binding is enhanced, not through the formation of additional hydrogen bonds or van der Waals contacts or by an increase in total buried surface, but by burial of increasing amounts of apolar surface at the expense of polar surface, accompanied by improved shape complementarity. The increase in hydrophobic interactions results from highly correlated rearrangements in antibody residues at the interface periphery, adjacent to the central energetic hot spot. This first visualization of the maturation of antibodies to protein provides insights into the evolution of high affinity in other protein-protein interfaces.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Center for Advanced Research in Biotechnology, W.M. Keck Laboratory for Structural Biology, University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, 9600 Gudelsky Drive, Rockville, Maryland 20850, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
antibody kappa light chain
A
214Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Igkc
Find proteins for P01837 (Mus musculus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P01837
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
immunoglobulin gamma 1 chain
B
210Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Igh-1a
Find proteins for P01865 (Mus musculus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P01865
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Lysozyme C
C
129Gallus gallusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: LYZ
EC: 3.2.1.17
Find proteins for P00698 (Gallus gallus)
Go to Gene View: LYZ
Go to UniProtKB:  P00698
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.1 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.258 
  • R-Value Work: 0.208 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 90.680α = 90.00
b = 164.020β = 90.00
c = 40.000γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-06-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-28
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance