1N19

Structure of the HSOD A4V mutant


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.86 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.260 
  • R-Value Work: 0.207 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Insights into Lou Gehrig's disease from the structure and instability of the A4V mutant of human Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase.

Cardoso, R.M.F.Thayer, M.M.DiDonato, M.Lo, T.P.Bruns, C.K.Getzoff, E.D.Tainer, J.A.

(2002) J.Mol.Biol. 324: 247-256

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Mutations in human superoxide dismutase (HSOD) have been linked to the familial form of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS). Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS or Lou Gehrig's disease) is one of the most common neurodegenerative disorders in humans. ...

    Mutations in human superoxide dismutase (HSOD) have been linked to the familial form of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS). Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS or Lou Gehrig's disease) is one of the most common neurodegenerative disorders in humans. In ALS patients, selective killing of motor neurons leads to progressive paralysis and death within one to five years of onset. The most frequent FALS mutation in HSOD, Ala4-->Val, is associated with the most rapid disease progression. Here we identify and characterize key differences in the stability between the A4V mutant protein and its thermostable parent (HSOD-AS), in which free cysteine residues were mutated to eliminate interferences from cysteine oxidation. Denaturation studies reveal that A4V unfolds at a guanidine-HCl concentration 1M lower than HSOD-AS, revealing that A4V is significantly less stable than HSOD-AS. Determination and analysis of the crystallographic structures of A4V and HSOD-AS reveal structural features likely responsible for the loss of architectural stability of A4V observed in the denaturation experiments. The combined structural and biophysical results presented here argue that architectural destabilization of the HSOD protein may underlie the toxic function of the many HSOD FALS mutations.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biology and Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, Maildrop MB4, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037-1027, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Superoxide Dismutase [Cu-Zn]
A, B
154Homo sapiensMutation(s): 3 
Gene Names: SOD1
EC: 1.15.1.1
Find proteins for P00441 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: SOD1
Go to UniProtKB:  P00441
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

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Download CCD File 
A, B
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

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Download CCD File 
B
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
CU1
Query on CU1

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Download CCD File 
A, B
COPPER (I) ION
Cu
VMQMZMRVKUZKQL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.86 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.260 
  • R-Value Work: 0.207 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 114.700α = 90.00
b = 47.900β = 96.80
c = 56.200γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing
DENZOdata reduction
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2002-11-27
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-28
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance