1MTQ

THREE-DIMENSIONAL SOLUTION STRUCTURE OF ALPHA-CONOTOXIN GID BY NMR SPECTROSCOPY


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 50 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: all calculated structures submitted, structures with the lowest energy 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Isolation, Structure, and Activity of GID, a Novel alpha 4/7-Conotoxin with an Extended N-terminal Sequence

Nicke, A.Loughnan, M.L.Millard, E.L.Alewood, P.F.Adams, D.J.Daly, N.L.Craik, D.J.Lewis, R.J.

(2003) J.BIOL.CHEM. 278: 3137-3144

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M210280200

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Using assay-directed fractionation of Conus geographus crude venom, we isolated alpha-conotoxin GID, which acts selectively at neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). Unlike other neuronally selective alpha-conotoxins, alpha-GID has a fo ...

    Using assay-directed fractionation of Conus geographus crude venom, we isolated alpha-conotoxin GID, which acts selectively at neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). Unlike other neuronally selective alpha-conotoxins, alpha-GID has a four amino acid N-terminal tail, gamma-carboxyglutamate (Gla), and hydroxyproline (O) residues, and lacks an amidated C terminus. GID inhibits alpha 7 and alpha 3 beta 2 nAChRs with IC(50) values of 5 and 3 nm, respectively and is at least 1000-fold less potent at the alpha 1 beta 1 gamma delta, alpha 3 beta 4, and alpha 4 beta 4 combinations. GID also potently inhibits the alpha 4 beta 2 subtype (IC(50) of 150 nm). Deletion of the N-terminal sequence (GID Delta 1-4) significantly decreased activity at the alpha 4 beta 2 nAChR but hardly affected potency at alpha 3 beta 2 and alpha 7 nAChRs, despite enhancing the off-rates at these receptors. In contrast, Arg(12) contributed to alpha 4 beta 2 and alpha 7 activity but not to alpha 3 beta 2 activity. The three-dimensional structure of GID is well defined over residues 4-19 with a similar motif to other alpha-conotoxins. However, despite its influence on activity, the tail appears to be disordered in solution. Comparison of GID with other alpha 4/7-conotoxins which possess an NN(P/O) motif in loop II, revealed a correlation between increasing length of the aliphatic side-chain in position 10 (equivalent to 13 in GID) and greater alpha 7 versus alpha 3 beta 2 selectivity.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute for Molecular Bioscience and School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
alpha-conotoxin GID
A
19Conus geographusMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for P60274 (Conus geographus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P60274
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  2 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
HYP
Query on HYP
A
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H9 N O3PRO
CGU
Query on CGU
A
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC6 H9 N O6GLU
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 50 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: all calculated structures submitted, structures with the lowest energy 

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-02-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-28
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance