Structure of a bulgecin-inhibited g-type lysozyme from the egg white of the Australian black swan. A comparison of the binding of bulgecin to three muramidases.Karlsen, S., Hough, E., Rao, Z.H., Isaacs, N.W.
(1996) Acta Crystallogr.,Sect.D 52: 105-114
- PubMed: 15299731
- DOI: 10.1107/S0907444995008468
- PubMed Abstract:
- Three-Dimensional Structure of Goose-Type Lysozyme from the Egg White of the Australian Black Swan, Cygnus Atratus
Isaacs, N.W.,Machin, K.J.,Masakuni, M.
(1985) Aust.J.Biol.Sci. 38: 12
- The Crystal Structure of a Complex between Bulgecin, a Bacterial Metabolite, and Lysozyme from the Rainbow Trout
Karlsen, S.,Hough, E.
() TO BE PUBLISHED --: --
- Structures of Bulgecins, Bacterial Metabolites with Bulge-Inducing Activity
Shinagawa, S.,Kasahara, F.,Wada, Y.,Harada, S.,Asai, M.
(1984) Tetrahedron 40: 3465
Bulgecin A, a bacterial metabolite, has been shown to bind in the active-site groove of the chicken-type lysozyme from the rainbow trout (RBTL) and in the lysozyme-like C-terminal domain, of a soluble lytic transglycosylase (C-SLT) from Escherichia c ...
Bulgecin A, a bacterial metabolite, has been shown to bind in the active-site groove of the chicken-type lysozyme from the rainbow trout (RBTL) and in the lysozyme-like C-terminal domain, of a soluble lytic transglycosylase (C-SLT) from Escherichia coli. These enzymes are muramidases that cleave the glycosidic bonds in the glycan strands of the murein polymer. Here we report the crystal structure of a complex between the goose-type lysozyme from the egg white of the Australian black swan (SEWL) and bulgecin A at 2.45 A resolution. As is the case for the C-SLT/bulgecin and RBTL/bulgecin complexes, the ligand binds with the N-acetylglucosamine ring in subsite C and the proline moiety in site D where it interacts with the catalytic glutamic acid. The taurine residue interacts with the beta-sheet region. Comparisons of the three buigecin complexes show that the inhibitor has the same binding mode to the muramidases with similar protein-ligand interactions, particularly for SEWL and RBTL. From our results, it seems likely that bulgecin, in general, inhibits enzymes with lysozyme-like domains and thus might represent a novel class of natural antibiotics that act on murein-degrading rather than murein-synthesizing enzymes.
Protein Crystallography Group, Institute of Mathematical and Physical Science, University of Tromsø, Norway.