1L83

A CAVITY-CONTAINING MUTANT OF T4 LYSOZYME IS STABILIZED BY BURIED BENZENE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.7 Å

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

A cavity-containing mutant of T4 lysozyme is stabilized by buried benzene.

Eriksson, A.E.Baase, W.A.Wozniak, J.A.Matthews, B.W.

(1992) Nature 355: 371-373

  • DOI: 10.1038/355371a0
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The hydrophobic cores of proteins are generally well packed, with few cavities. Mutations in which a bulky buried residue such as leucine or phenylalanine is replaced with a small residue such as alanine can create cavities in the core of a protein ( ...

    The hydrophobic cores of proteins are generally well packed, with few cavities. Mutations in which a bulky buried residue such as leucine or phenylalanine is replaced with a small residue such as alanine can create cavities in the core of a protein (our unpublished results). The sizes and shapes of such cavities can vary substantially depending on factors such as local geometry, whether or not a cavity already exists at the site of substitution, and the degree to which the protein structure relaxes to occupy the space vacated by the substituted residue. We show by crystallographic and thermodynamic analysis that the cavity created by the replacement Leu 99----Ala in T4 lysozyme is large enough to bind benzene and that ligand binding increases the melting temperature of the protein by 6.0 degrees C at pH 3.0. Benzene does not, however, bind to the cavity created by the Phe 153----Ala replacement. The results show that cavities can be engineered in proteins and suggest that such cavities might be tailored to bind specific ligands. The binding of benzene at an internal site 7 A from the molecular surface also illustrates the dynamic nature of proteins, even in crystals.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute of Molecular Biology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Oregon, Eugene 97403.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
T4 LYSOZYME
A
164Enterobacteria phage T4Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: E
EC: 3.2.1.17
Find proteins for P00720 (Enterobacteria phage T4)
Go to UniProtKB:  P00720
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CL
Query on CL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
BME
Query on BME

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Download CCD File 
A
BETA-MERCAPTOETHANOL
C2 H6 O S
DGVVWUTYPXICAM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
BNZ
Query on BNZ

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
BENZENE
C6 H6
UHOVQNZJYSORNB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
BNZKd: 400000 nM BINDINGMOAD
BNZKd: 400000 nM PDBBIND
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.7 Å
  • Space Group: P 32 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 60.900α = 90.00
b = 60.900β = 90.00
c = 96.900γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
TNTrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1993-10-31
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-11-29
    Type: Derived calculations, Other