Enhanced protein thermostability from site-directed mutations that decrease the entropy of unfolding.Matthews, B.W., Nicholson, H., Becktel, W.J.
(1987) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 84: 6663-6667
- PubMed: 3477797
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- Structural Studies of Mutants of T4 Lysozyme that Alter Hydrophobic Stabilization
Matsumura, M.,Wozniak, J.A.,Dao-Pin, S.,Matthews, B.W.
() TO BE PUBLISHED --: --
- Structural Analysis of the Temperature-Sensitive Mutant of Bacteriophage T4 Lysozyme, Glycine 156 (Right Arrow) Aspartic Acid
Gray, T.M.,Matthews, B.W.
(1987) J.Biol.Chem. 262: 16858
- Structure of the Lysozyme from Bacteriophage T4, an Electron Density Map at 2.4 Angstroms Resolution
Remington, S.J.,Anderson, W.F.,Owen, J.,Teneyck, L.F.,Grainger, C.T.,Matthews, B.W.
(1978) J.Mol.Biol. 118: 81
- Temperature-Sensitive Mutations of Bacteriophage T4 Lysozyme Occur at Sites with Low Mobility and Low Solvent Accessibility in the Folded Protein
Alber, T.,Dao-Pin, S.,Nye, J.A.,Muchmore, D.C.,Matthews, B.W.
(1987) Biochemistry 26: 3754
- Crystallographic Data for Lysozyme from Bacteriophage T4
Matthews, B.W.,Dahlquist, F.W.,Maynard, A.Y.
(1973) J.Mol.Biol. 78: 575
- Atomic Coordinates for T4 Phage Lysozyme
Remington, S.J.,Teneyck, L.F.,Matthews, B.W.
(1977) Biochem.Biophys.Res.Commun. 75: 265
- Contributions of Left-Handed Helical Residues to the Structure and Stability of Bacteriophage T4 Lysozyme
Nicholson, H.,Soderlind, E.,Tronrud, D.E.,Matthews, B.W.
(1989) J.Mol.Biol. 210: 181
- High-Resolution Structure of the Temperature-Sensitive Mutant of Phage Lysozyme, Arg 96 (Right Arrow) His
Weaver, L.H.,Gray, T.M.,Gruetter, M.G.,Anderson, D.E.,Wozniak, J.A.,Dahlquist, F.W.,Matthews, B.W.
(1989) Biochemistry 28: 3793
- Contributions of Hydrogen Bonds of Thr 157 to the Thermodynamic Stability of Phage T4 Lysozyme
Alber, T.,Dao-Pin, S.,Wilson, K.,Wozniak, J.A.,Cook, S.P.,Matthews, B.W.
(1987) Nature 330: 41
- Relation between Hen Egg White Lysozyme and Bacteriophage T4 Lysozyme. Evolutionary Implications
Matthews, B.W.,Remington, S.J.,Gruetter, M.G.,Anderson, W.F.
(1981) J.Mol.Biol. 147: 545
- Replacements of Pro86 in Phage T4 Lysozyme Extend an Alpha-Helix But Do not Alter Protein Stability
Alber, T.,Bell, J.A.,Dao-Pin, S.,Nicholson, H.,Cook, J.A.Wozniak S.,Matthews, B.W.
(1988) Science 239: 631
- Structure of Bacteriophage T4 Lysozyme Refined at 1.7 Angstroms Resolution
Weaver, L.H.,Matthews, B.W.
(1987) J.Mol.Biol. 193: 189
- Crystallographic Determination of the Mode of Binding of Oligosaccharides to T4 Bacteriophage Lysozyme. Implications for the Mechanism of Catalysis
Anderson, W.F.,Gruetter, M.G.,Remington, S.J.,Weaver, L.H.,Matthews, B.W.
(1981) J.Mol.Biol. 147: 523
- Comparison of the Predicted and Observed Secondary Structure of T4 Phage Lysozyme
(1975) Biochim.Biophys.Acta 405: 442
- Enhanced Protein Thermostability from Designed Mutations that Interact with Alpha-Helix Dipoles
Nicholson, H.,Becktel, W.J.,Matthews, B.W.
(1988) Nature 336: 651
- Structural Studies of Mutants of the Lysozyme of Bacteriophage T4. The Temperature-Sensitive Mutant Protein Thr157 (Right Arrow) Ile
Gruetter, M.G.,Gray, T.M.,Weaver, L.H.,Alber, T.,Wilson, K.,Matthews, B.W.
(1987) J.Mol.Biol. 197: 315
- The Three Dimensional Structure of the Lysozyme from Bacteriophage T4
Matthews, B.W.,Remington, S.J.
(1974) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 71: 4178
- Common Precursor of Lysozymes of Hen Egg-White and Bacteriophage T4
Matthews, B.W.,Gruetter, M.G.,Anderson, W.F.,Remington, S.J.
(1981) Nature 290: 334
- Hydrophobic Stabilization in T4 Lysozyme Determined Directly by Multiple Substitutions of Ile 3
Matsumura, M.,Becktel, W.J.,Matthews, B.W.
(1988) Nature 334: 406
It is proposed that the stability of a protein can be increased by selected amino acid substitutions that decrease the configurational entropy of unfolding. Two such substitutions, one of the form Xaa----Pro and the other of the form Gly----Xaa, were ...
It is proposed that the stability of a protein can be increased by selected amino acid substitutions that decrease the configurational entropy of unfolding. Two such substitutions, one of the form Xaa----Pro and the other of the form Gly----Xaa, were constructed in bacteriophage T4 lysozyme at sites consistent with the known three-dimensional structure. Both substitutions stabilize the protein toward reversible and irreversible thermal denaturation at physiological pH. The substitutions have no effect on enzymatic activity. High-resolution crystallographic analysis of the proline-containing mutant protein (Ala-82----Pro) shows that its three-dimensional structure is essentially identical with the wild-type enzyme. The overall structure of the other mutant enzyme (Gly-77----Ala) is also very similar to wild-type lysozyme, although there are localized conformational adjustments in the vicinity of the altered amino acid. The combination of a number of such amino acid replacements, each of which is expected to contribute approximately 1 kcal/mol (1 cal = 4.184 J) to the free energy of folding, may provide a general strategy for substantial improvement in the stability of a protein.
Institute of Molecular Biology, University of Oregon, Eugene 97403.