1L19

ENHANCED PROTEIN THERMOSTABILITY FROM DESIGNED MUTATIONS THAT INTERACT WITH ALPHA-HELIX DIPOLES


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.7 Å

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Enhanced protein thermostability from designed mutations that interact with alpha-helix dipoles.

Nicholson, H.Becktel, W.J.Matthews, B.W.

(1988) Nature 336: 651-656

  • DOI: 10.1038/336651a0
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Two different genetically engineered amino-acid substitutions designed to interact with alpha-helix dipoles in T4 lysozyme are shown to increase the thermal stability of the protein. Crystallographic analyses of the mutant lysozyme structures suggest ...

    Two different genetically engineered amino-acid substitutions designed to interact with alpha-helix dipoles in T4 lysozyme are shown to increase the thermal stability of the protein. Crystallographic analyses of the mutant lysozyme structures suggest that the stabilization is due to electrostatic interaction and does not require precise hydrogen bonding between the substituted amino acid and the end of the alpha-helix.


    Related Citations: 
    • Common Precursor of Lysozymes of Hen Egg-White and Bacteriophage T4
      Matthews, B.W.,Gruetter, M.G.,Anderson, W.F.,Remington, S.J.
      (1981) Nature 290: 334
    • Hydrophobic Stabilization in T4 Lysozyme Determined Directly by Multiple Substitutions of Ile 3
      Matsumura, M.,Becktel, W.J.,Matthews, B.W.
      (1988) Nature 334: 406
    • Temperature-Sensitive Mutations of Bacteriophage T4 Lysozyme Occur at Sites with Low Mobility and Low Solvent Accessibility in the Folded Protein
      Alber, T.,Dao-Pin, S.,Nye, J.A.,Muchmore, D.C.,Matthews, B.W.
      (1987) Biochemistry 26: 3754
    • The Three Dimensional Structure of the Lysozyme from Bacteriophage T4
      Matthews, B.W.,Remington, S.J.
      (1974) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 71: 4178
    • Relation between Hen Egg White Lysozyme and Bacteriophage T4 Lysozyme. Evolutionary Implications
      Matthews, B.W.,Remington, S.J.,Gruetter, M.G.,Anderson, W.F.
      (1981) J.Mol.Biol. 147: 545
    • High-Resolution Structure of the Temperature-Sensitive Mutant of Phage Lysozyme, Arg 96 (Right Arrow) His
      Weaver, L.H.,Gray, T.M.,Gruetter, M.G.,Anderson, D.E.,Wozniak, J.A.,Dahlquist, F.W.,Matthews, B.W.
      (1989) Biochemistry 28: 3793
    • Replacements of Pro86 in Phage T4 Lysozyme Extend an Alpha-Helix But Do not Alter Protein Stability
      Alber, T.,Bell, J.A.,Dao-Pin, S.,Nicholson, H.,Cook, J.A.Wozniak S.,Matthews, B.W.
      (1988) Science 239: 631
    • Contributions of Hydrogen Bonds of Thr 157 to the Thermodynamic Stability of Phage T4 Lysozyme
      Alber, T.,Dao-Pin, S.,Wilson, K.,Wozniak, J.A.,Cook, S.P.,Matthews, B.W.
      (1987) Nature 330: 41
    • Crystallographic Determination of the Mode of Binding of Oligosaccharides to T4 Bacteriophage Lysozyme. Implications for the Mechanism of Catalysis
      Anderson, W.F.,Gruetter, M.G.,Remington, S.J.,Weaver, L.H.,Matthews, B.W.
      (1981) J.Mol.Biol. 147: 523
    • Structure of Bacteriophage T4 Lysozyme Refined at 1.7 Angstroms Resolution
      Weaver, L.H.,Matthews, B.W.
      (1987) J.Mol.Biol. 193: 189
    • Structural Studies of Mutants of the Lysozyme of Bacteriophage T4. The Temperature-Sensitive Mutant Protein Thr157 (Right Arrow) Ile
      Gruetter, M.G.,Gray, T.M.,Weaver, L.H.,Alber, T.,Wilson, K.,Matthews, B.W.
      (1987) J.Mol.Biol. 197: 315
    • Structural Analysis of the Temperature-Sensitive Mutant of Bacteriophage T4 Lysozyme, Glycine 156 (Right Arrow) Aspartic Acid
      Gray, T.M.,Matthews, B.W.
      (1987) J.Biol.Chem. 262: 16858
    • Crystallographic Data for Lysozyme from Bacteriophage T4
      Matthews, B.W.,Dahlquist, F.W.,Maynard, A.Y.
      (1973) J.Mol.Biol. 78: 575
    • Contributions of Left-Handed Helical Residues to the Structure and Stability of Bacteriophage T4 Lysozyme
      Nicholson, H.,Soderlind, E.,Tronrud, D.E.,Matthews, B.W.
      (1989) J.Mol.Biol. 210: 181
    • Comparison of the Predicted and Observed Secondary Structure of T4 Phage Lysozyme
      Matthews, B.W.
      (1975) Biochim.Biophys.Acta 405: 442
    • Structural Studies of Mutants of T4 Lysozyme that Alter Hydrophobic Stabilization
      Matsumura, M.,Wozniak, J.A.,Dao-Pin, S.,Matthews, B.W.
      () TO BE PUBLISHED --: --
    • Enhanced Protein Thermostability from Site-Directed Mutations that Decrease the Entropy of Unfolding
      Matthews, B.W.,Nicholson, H.,Becktel, W.J.
      (1987) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 84: 6663
    • Atomic Coordinates for T4 Phage Lysozyme
      Remington, S.J.,Teneyck, L.F.,Matthews, B.W.
      (1977) Biochem.Biophys.Res.Commun. 75: 265
    • Structure of the Lysozyme from Bacteriophage T4, an Electron Density Map at 2.4 Angstroms Resolution
      Remington, S.J.,Anderson, W.F.,Owen, J.,Teneyck, L.F.,Grainger, C.T.,Matthews, B.W.
      (1978) J.Mol.Biol. 118: 81


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute of Molecular Biology, University of Oregon, Eugene 97403.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
T4 LYSOZYME
A
164Enterobacteria phage T4Gene Names: E
EC: 3.2.1.17
Find proteins for P00720 (Enterobacteria phage T4)
Go to UniProtKB:  P00720
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.7 Å
  • Space Group: P 32 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 61.100α = 90.00
b = 61.100β = 90.00
c = 97.000γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
TNTrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1990-01-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Advisory, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-11-29
    Type: Derived calculations, Other