Structural studies of mutants of the lysozyme of bacteriophage T4. The temperature-sensitive mutant protein Thr157----Ile.Grutter, M.G., Gray, T.M., Weaver, L.H., Wilson, T.A., Matthews, B.W.
(1987) J.Mol.Biol. 197: 315-329
- PubMed: 3681997
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1L10
- PubMed Abstract:
- Atomic Coordinates for T4 Phage Lysozyme
Remington, S.J.,Teneyck, L.F.,Matthews, B.W.
(1977) Biochem.Biophys.Res.Commun. 75: 265
- The Three Dimensional Structure of the Lysozyme from Bacteriophage T4
Matthews, B.W.,Remington, S.J.
(1974) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 71: 4178
- Temperature-Sensitive Mutations of Bacteriophage T4 Lysozyme Occur at Sites with Low Mobility and Low Solvent Accessibility in the Folded Protein
Alber, T.,Dao-Pin, S.,Nye, J.A.,Muchmore, D.C.,Matthews, B.W.
(1987) Biochemistry 26: 3754
- Common Precursor of Lysozymes of Hen Egg-White and Bacteriophage T4
Matthews, B.W.,Gruetter, M.G.,Anderson, W.F.,Remington, S.J.
(1981) Nature 290: 334
- Relation between Hen Egg White Lysozyme and Bacteriophage T4 Lysozyme. Evolutionary Implications
Matthews, B.W.,Remington, S.J.,Gruetter, M.G.,Anderson, W.F.
(1981) J.Mol.Biol. 147: 545
- Contributions of Hydrogn Bonds of Thr 157 to the Thermodynamic Stability of Phage T4 Lysozyme
Alber, T.,Dao-Pin, S.,Wilson, K.,Wozniak, J.A.,Cook, S.P.,Matthews, B.W.
(1987) Nature 330: 41
- Comparison of the Predicted and Observed Secondary Structure of T4 Phage Lysozyme
(1975) Biochim.Biophys.Acta 405: 442
- Crystallographic Determination of the Mode of Binding of Oligosaccharides to T4 Bacteriophage Lysozyme. Implications for the Mechanism of Catalysis
Anderson, W.F.,Gruetter, M.G.,Remington, S.J.,Weaver, L.H.,Matthews, B.W.
(1981) J.Mol.Biol. 147: 523
- Structure of the Lysozyme from Bacteriophage T4, an Electron Density Map at 2.4 Angstroms Resolution
Remington, S.J.,Anderson, W.F.,Owen, J.,Teneyck, L.F.,Grainger, C.T.,Matthews, B.W.
(1978) J.Mol.Biol. 118: 81
- Structure of Bacteriophage T4 Lysozyme Refined at 1.7 Angstroms Resolution
Weaver, L.H.,Matthews, B.W.
(1987) J.Mol.Biol. 193: 189
- Crystallographic Data for Lysozyme from Bacteriophage T4
Matthews, B.W.,Dahlquist, F.W.,Maynard, A.Y.
(1973) J.Mol.Biol. 78: 575
- Structural Analysis of the Temperature-Sensitive Mutant of Bacteriophage T4 Lysozyme, Glycine 156 (Right Arrow) Aspartic Acid
Gray, T.M.,Matthews, B.W.
(1987) J.Biol.Chem. 262: 16858
To understand the roles of individual amino acids in the folding and stability of globular proteins, a systematic structural analysis of mutants of the lysozyme of bacteriophage T4 has been undertaken. The isolation, characterization, crystallographi ...
To understand the roles of individual amino acids in the folding and stability of globular proteins, a systematic structural analysis of mutants of the lysozyme of bacteriophage T4 has been undertaken. The isolation, characterization, crystallographic refinement and structural analysis of a temperature-sensitive lysozyme in which threonine 157 is replaced by isoleucine is reported here. This mutation reduces the temperature of the midpoint of the reversible thermal denaturation transition by 11 deg.C at pH 2.0. Electron density maps showing differences between the wild-type and mutant X-ray crystal structures have obvious features corresponding to the substitution of threonine 157 by isoleucine. There is little difference electron density in the remainder of the molecule, indicating that the structural changes are localized to the site of the mutation. High-resolution crystallographic refinement of the mutant lysozyme structure confirms that it is very similar to wild-type lysozyme. The largest conformational differences are in the gamma-carbon of residue 157 and in the side-chain of Asp159, which shift 1.0 A and 1.1 A, respectively. In the wild-type enzyme, the gamma-hydroxyl group of Thr157 participates in a network of hydrogen bonds. Substitution of Thr157 with an isoleucine disrupts this set of hydrogen bonds. A water molecule bound in the vicinity of Thr155 partially restores the hydrogen bond network in the mutant structure, but the buried main-chain amide of Asp159 is not near a hydrogen bond acceptor. This unsatisfied hydrogen-bonding potential is the most obvious reason for the reduction in stability of the temperature-sensitive mutant protein.
Institute of Molecular Biology, University of Oregon, Eugene 97403.