The crystal structure of Helicobacter pylori cysteine-rich protein B reveals a novel fold for a penicillin-binding protein.Luthy, L., Grutter, M.G., Mittl, P.R.
(2002) J.Biol.Chem. 277: 10187-10193
- PubMed: 11777911
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M108993200
- PubMed Abstract:
Colonization of the gastric mucosa with the spiral-shaped Gram-negative proteobacterium Helicobacter pylori is probably the most common chronic infection in humans. The genomes of H. pylori strains J99 and 26695 have been completely sequenced. Functi ...
Colonization of the gastric mucosa with the spiral-shaped Gram-negative proteobacterium Helicobacter pylori is probably the most common chronic infection in humans. The genomes of H. pylori strains J99 and 26695 have been completely sequenced. Functional and three-dimensional structural information is available for less than one third of all open reading frames. We investigated the function and three-dimensional structure of a member from a family of cysteine-rich hypothetical proteins that are unique to H. pylori and Campylobacter jejuni. The structure of H. pylori cysteine-rich protein (Hcp) B possesses a modular architecture consisting of four alpha/alpha-motifs that are cross-linked by disulfide bridges. The Hcp repeat is similar to the tetratricopeptide repeat, which is frequently found in protein/protein interactions. In contrast to the tetratricopeptide repeat, the Hcp repeat is 36 amino acids long. HcpB is capable of binding and hydrolyzing 6-amino penicillinic acid and 7-amino cephalosporanic acid derivatives. The HcpB fold is distinct from the fold of any known penicillin-binding protein, indicating that the Hcp proteins comprise a new family of penicillin-binding proteins. The putative penicillin binding site is located in an amphipathic groove on the concave side of the molecule.
Biochemisches Institut, Universität Zürich, Winterthurer Strasse 190, 8057 Zürich, Switzerland.